MichaelEmeryArt

Gender Identity is a Huge example of how as a Society we are extremely "Pre-Concieved", to the point of being in a "state of Psychosis"

Anne Fausto-Sterling and Jacques Derrida's Reality

Anne Fausto-Sterling says, "[o]ur conceptions of the nature of gender difference shape, even as they reflect, the ways we structure our social system and polity; they also shape and reflect our understanding of our physical bodies."[10]


Dr. Anne Fausto-Sterling is Brown University Professor Emerita and fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. She is a leading expert in biology and gender development. Using a groundbreaking new approach to understanding gender differences, Dr. Fausto-Sterling is shifting old assumptions about how humans develop particular traits. Dynamic systems theory permits one to understand how cultural difference becomes bodily difference. By applying a dynamic systems approach to the study of human development, her work exposes the flawed premise of the nature versus nurture debate.


Dr. Anne Fausto-Sterling  " I receive many requests to explain the biological nature of human sexuality. The questions usually address homosexuality, intersexuality, or transgender feelings.

In my work, I argue that the two-sex system embedded in our society is not adequate to encompass the full spectrum of human sexuality. Discrete buckets – like “nature” or “nurture”, “boy” or “girl” – are too simplistic for the inherent messiness found in nature. As I have argued in The Five Sexes and The Five Sexes Revisited, the boundaries separating masculine and feminine seem harder than ever to define. Some find the changes under way deeply disturbing. Others find them liberating. While the legal system may have an interest in maintaining only two sexes, our collective biologies do not.

My three short articles on the topic listed below are a good place to start, but I provide a list of books for further reading as well."


Sexual Orientation

“I am deeply committed to the ideas of the modern movements of gay and women’s liberation, which argue that the way we traditionally conceptualize gender and sexual identity narrows life’s possibilities while perpetuating gender inequality. In order to shift the politics of the body, one must change the politics of science itself.”-Dr. Anne Fausto-Sterling

Links

I wish Dr. Anne Fausto-Sterling ,and other like her where around 30 years,then people like myself could of naturally been as we where

Some say if we continue at our pace of "Living in a state of denial " or as I call it " State of Pre-Concieved Notions", this could be a factor in people getting Alzheimer's at much younger ages...imagine Alzheimer's care facilities every where,with 40 year olds in them, just because we chose not to use our brains in a open-minded fashion, a brain that was simply " Pre-Concieved",thus not free to think for it's Self!

Prevalence of young onset dementia in the UK

  • It is estimated that there are 42,325 people in the UK who have been diagnosed with young onset dementia.  (Ref Dementia UK, 2nd edition 2014, Alzheimer’s Society).  They represent around 5% of the 850,000 people with dementia.  For the overview report click hereOpen this document with ReadSpeaker docReader.
  • The actual figure could be higher because of the difficulties of diagnosing the condition and might be closer to 6-9% of all people with dementia.  Awareness amongst GPs is still relatively low and when people are still at work, symptoms are often attributed to stress or depression.  
  • Dementias that affect younger people can be rare and difficult to recognise.  People can also be very reluctant to accept there is anything wrong when they are otherwise fit and well, and they may put off visiting their doctor.
     
  • People with young onset dementia are more likely to be diagnosed with rarer forms of dementia and are more likely to have a genetically inherited form of dementia.
     
  • Prevalence rates for young onset dementia in black and minority ethnic groups are higher than for the population as a whole.  People from BAME backgrounds are less likely to receive a diagnosis or support. 
     
  • People with a learning disability are at greater risk of developing dementia at a younger age.  Studies have shown that one in ten people with a learning disability develop young onset Alzheimer's disease between the age of 50 to 65.  The number of people with Down's syndrome who develop Alzheimer's disease is even greater with one in 50 developing the condition aged 30-39, one in ten aged 40-49 and one in three people with Down's syndrome will have Alzheimer's in their 50s.  For more information about learning disabilty and young onset, please click here

Who gets early onset Alzheimer's?

Many people with early onset are in their 40s and 50s. They have families, careers or are even caregivers themselves when Alzheimer's disease strikes. In the United States, it is estimated that approximately 200,000 people have early onset.


With the World Health Organization reporting that there are approximately 50 million people living with dementia worldwide, and nearly 10 million new cases every year, many health authorities believe that dementia cases are on the increase globally.

More 
Patty Smith retired from a banking career after she learned she had early-onset Alzheimer's. She uses a notebook to keep track of passwords for online banking and bill paying.
 By H. Darr Beiser, USA TODAY
Patty Smith retired from a banking career after she learned she had early-onset Alzheimer's. She uses a notebook to keep track of passwords for online banking and bill paying.
 BUILD BRAINPOWER

The Alzheimer's Association and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, in a report out Sunday, say all adults can take steps to improve or maintain cognition:

• Follow a low-fat diet rich in fruits and vegetables.

• Get out and move most days of the week.

• Play games, do crosswords or take a class.

• Reduce high blood pressure or high cholesterol.

• Adopt an optimistic approach to life.

Patty Smith was a top sales consultant for BB&T bank in Washington, D.C., when suddenly, at age 49, her performance took a dive. She'd fumble for words. She'd forget appointments. She'd stop abruptly in mid-sentence, forgetting what she was about to say.

"I thought it was stress," Smith says. Her foggy thinking made selling bank services to corporate clients nearly impossible. She took the summer of 2005 off, hoping to regain her mental agility. By that fall, however, her brain fog hadn't lifted. Back at the office, Smith went from being a top producer to the bottom of the pack.

In November 2005, Smith, then 51, learned she had Alzheimer's. She had no family history of the incurable brain disease, or any reason to think she'd have to deal with an illness that typically strikes people much older. "I was stunned," says Smith, who now collects disability from the government and her former employer.

Smith is one of a half-million people in the USA who represent a not-so-visible side of Alzheimer's: those who face the unusually stressful challenge of being struck by the memory-robbing disease or other forms of dementia before age 65. They make up only about 10% of Americans who have Alzheimer's, but their numbers — along with those of elderly patients — are soaring. By 2050, the Alzheimer's Association projects the USA will have as many as 16 million people with Alzheimer's, up from about 5 million today.

The effects of Alzheimer's on all its victims can be devastating, but younger people with the disease face the additional pressure of dealing with it during the middle of active lives. Their bouts with memory blank-outs arrive as they shoulder mortgages, college loans and a range of other family and financial responsibilities. A few develop the early stages of the disease when they still have children at home. Others are at the apex of a career that begins to crash.

For such patients, Alzheimer's can mean the loss of a job and other problems that affect not just the patient but an entire family, says Ronald Petersen, a neurologist at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minn.

And some analysts say the estimate of a half-million people with early Alzheimer's understates the problem: A report in June 2006 by the Alzheimer's Association says an additional 590,000 people age 55 to 64 have mild cognitive impairment involving noticeable lapses in memory or language use, which can be a precursor to Alzheimer's.

The risk for developing mild memory problems that could signal early Alzheimer's seems to escalate after age 50, a benchmark that nearly 11,000 baby boomers are reaching each day, says Stephen McConnell, vice president for policy at the Alzheimer's Association, a group in Chicago that advocates for more research.

"The idea of getting hit with Alzheimer's in the prime of life is frightening," says Gary Small, director of the Memory and Aging Research Center at the University of California-Los Angeles.

People with midlife Alzheimer's often are fired or are forced to take early retirement, they can lose their health insurance, and they either don't qualify for or have trouble applying for government programs designed to help the elderly, McConnell says.

Toll is expected to soar

Researchers are racing to find drugs that would halt the disease, Small says, but there is no cure.

About 26.6 million people worldwide have Alzheimer's, according to research out this week at the second Alzheimer's Association International Conference on Prevention of Dementia meeting in Washington, D.C.

"We expect that number to quadruple by the year 2050 to more than 100 million," says researcher Ron Brookmeyer of the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health in Baltimore. By the middle of the century, 1 in 85 people worldwide will have Alzheimer's, he says.

Most people who develop Alzheimer's do so long after the pace of their life has slowed, says Petersen, the Mayo Clinic neurologist who helped care for former president Ronald Reagan, who died of Alzheimer's complications in 2004 at age 93. But people can develop the disease as early as their 20s.

"It's pretty dramatic when it happens," Petersen says.

Why are some hit so young? In rare cases — a few hundred families worldwide — Alzheimer's has been linked to genetic mutations. People who inherit these genes almost always develop the disease, typically in their 30s or 40s, Petersen says.

Why alcohlics  should take vitamin b1 supplement:


Who is at risk of B1 deficiency?

People with poor diet, cancer, "morning sickness" during pregnancy, bariatric surgery, and hemodialysis are at risk of thiamin deficiency.

People who regularly drink alcohol to excess may have a deficiency, as they may not absorb thiamin from their food.

Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome is a disorder that affects people with chronic alcoholism. It is linked to a lack of thiamin, and it can be fatal if not treated.

People with Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome and those who are withdrawing from alcohol may receive thiamin injections to help them recover.

Other diseases, such as HIV, can reduce the absorption of nutrients, and this can lead to a deficiency of vitamin B1.


How much vitamin B1 do we need?

In the U.S., the recommended daily allowance (RDA) of thiamin taken by mouth is 1.2 mg for males and 1.1 mg for females over the age of 18 years. Pregnant or breastfeeding women of any age should consume 1.4 mg each day.


I personally take a 250mg. tablet twice a week,even though I no longer consume alcohol, and have not in last 4.5 years,,you know though even after nearly 10 years of being a chronic alcohol,never once has a medical professional recommended taking vitamin b1,not even in hospital,detox etc.!..I learned about it through my own research on Alcoholism!..this is very serious problem..just read about it!

To prevent Wernicke's encephalopathy developing into Korsakoff's psychosis, patients must stop drinking alcohol and consume thiamine supplements. (B1)


Another tell-tale sign of wet brain disease is malnutrition. Medical examiners should conduct a blood test. This blood test will reveal vitamin deficiencies. The blood test will check the patient's serum albumin. This reveals the patient's state of general nutrition. The blood test should also reveal the patient's thiamine level. A reduction in transketolase activity in red blood cells indicates a thiamine deficiency.

It's insane,,never to be tested,or this mentioned,in my time as a Alcoholic,,another reason I truly question Society's beliefs,and it madness of following each others "Pre-Concieved Notions" of what is fact

I hate being Vulgar, yet maybe I should call "Pre-Concieved Notions",,those with heads so far up their ass's they will never see Reality


I personally know I am done with accepting all of Societies Beliefs,dogma's,pre-concieved notions,,due to the fact that I truly believe this to be the primary cause of my great depression which then lead to my Alcoholism.

Jacques Derrida

The trace is the after-effect of différance.

Although we don't get a terribly good definition of the trace in this section, it is important to Derrida's thought and will be important in Lacan as well. On p. 116, he discusses the trace as both the mark of the future and the past in a present moment which is neither. The idea of our present (a meaning-full present) depends on this trace, which is an effect of writing. On p. 121, he asserts that the concept of the trace is inseparable from the concept of difference. He also refers (defers?) to Freud's definition of the trace as an effort of life to protect itself by deferring the dangerous investment, by constituting a reserve. We will discuss this phenomenon in the context of psychoanalysis at greater length. Derrida tackles Heidegger's use of the trace on p. 126 and, as he does with deSaussure, pushes it further to suggest that the trace is the "essence of Being" that haunts language