The following is from....http://www.bradshawfoundation.com/chauvet/2nd-visit.php
The October of 2001 was hailed as the warmest since records began to be kept. The cliffs of the Ardeche Canyon shone golden in the late afternoon sunshine as my wife and I drove toward the town of Vallon Pont d’Arc. The car’s roof was open and we looked straight up into a cloudless sky. It felt like a midsummer day and matched my happy mood to perfection. I was on my way to meet Jean Clottes for my second visit to the Chauvet Cave.
Evolution and Artistic Creativity
Nearest to the Arch
Suzana Herculano-Houzel,explains fire and cookings role in our brain's development
"The significance of wholeness however is that everything is related internally to everything else. Therefore in the long run it has not meaning for people to ignore the needs of others. Similarly, if we regard the world as made up of a lot of little externally related bits, we will try to exploit each bit and we will end up by destroying the planet. At present we do not adequately realize that we are one whole with the planet and our whole being and substance comes out of it.
A key part of the general significance is our overall worldview, and such worldviews have profound effects on values. Therefore what we say or assume about these things is not to be taken lightly. An inquiry of this kind clearly has a broader significance for the whole of our culture. To see what this means, I would first point out that culture in my view is shared meaning. Whatever form of culture we see is the sharing of meaning whether this be in science, in art, or spirituality.
What is art? Going back to the derivation of words, the word art is based on a Latin root meaning to fit. It appears in English in words like artifact, articulate, article, and artisan. All this suggests that in earlier times art was not regarded as being separate from life as a whole. But with the general tendency of civilization to fragmentation we have broken things up and have said that art is a special activity. It has very little practical significance and is primarily aesthetic in its value. However, as far as art is concerned I would emphasize that fitting means coherence. In its own way art is generally concerned with making coherent wholes. Many people are looking for holism but not all holistic views are coherent.
For example, Nazism aimed at a kind of totalitarian approach which means whole but it was highly incoherent and it certainly did not bring about good results. It is clear that we are looking for coherent wholeness not just any wholeness.
The artist like the scientist is looking to create a coherent whole but he or she differs from the scientist in that he or she is not looking for general knowledge of what is necessary nor is the artist as a rule building a collective structure of art. Rather artists generally want to create individual works – not necessarily, absolutely so. A given work of art may have a universal significance but it has to be in a concretely, perceptible form experienced in an actual moment or succession of moments. It is not treated by rules or universal laws. So it is not like a scientific theory whose very essence is the aim for universality and necessity. Necessity is perceived in each work of art.
Art has its own internal necessity that is not mainly an abstract, general structure of ideas that an artist might build up over a period of time. The individual work of art therefore can stand by itself whereas scientific theories have to be seen as parts of an overall body of scientific knowledge. It seems to be commonly agreed upon that art may have a deep spiritual significance not only in its content but in the creativity that produces it. We may therefore think of the artistic spirit and ask whether life as a whole could be infused with this artistic spirit as well as with the scientific spirit. That is to say in our actions from moment to moment we would have a perceptive attitude, not mechanical, not repetitious or routine in which we would be moving towards making everything fit, to cohere.
Even science should properly done with this artistic spirit in its actual doing rather than by following rules and formula. I do not think that a science of science would be right nor would it get very far. I think it would be best to call it the art of science. Without the scientific spirit and the artistic spirit we cannot have an overall coherent spirituality. To have incoherent spirituality is not going be helpful. It could be said that science, art, and spirituality are the principle content of culture. There is not a great deal of culture that would not be somehow included in these if they broaden the meaning of these terms like I would to do. As long as these elements are separate we cannot have an overall coherent culture. Since culture is shared meaning we then cannot have a coherent shared meaning. That is to say is our culture will ultimately have little or no meaning. Without meaning our society will fall apart. It will have no value and no purpose.
We can see evidence that society is falling apart throughout the world. Not only that, but the individual cannot be healthy or whole in a culture that is split at its foundations. If individuals lack coherence, significance, value, and purpose they will suffer not only mentally but also physically. And this regards social incoherence and individual coherence feed on each other. Individuals living in an incoherent society tend to become inwardly incoherent and then in turn they help to make up an incoherent society.
The world is now facing a series of crises: political, social, economic, ecological, and spiritual, which threatens the very existence of our civilization and perhaps of the species as well. On the one hand science has opened up enormous possibilities for a creative and happier life for all of humanity."-David Bohm
(Presented at the 12th International Transpersonal Association Conference by David Bohm; this conference ran from June 20 to June 25th, 1992)