MichaelEmeryArt


                     Imagine asking yourself   " why do I go to work ", then list all the Reasons you can.


                                                  List all the Reasons, you even think life is Worth Living

Beyond Reason-transcending reason

 D-COGNITION

4. Relevant to human concerns; e.g., what good is it, what can it be used for, is it good for or dangerous to people, etc.


                                                                 Transcending to;

                                           

                                                          B-COGNITION

                                                      4. Human-irrelevant.( no longer need a Reason to accept reality,or something as it;                                                                                                                    simply is.


                        

Self-Transcendence 

What is less well-known is that Maslow amended his model near the end of his life, and so the conventional portrayal of his hierarchy is incomplete. In his later thinking, he argued that there is a higher level of development, what he called self-transcendence. We achieve this level by focusing on things beyond the self like altruism, spiritual awakening, liberation from egocentricity, and the unity of being. Here is how he put it:

Transcendence refers to the very highest and most inclusive or holistic levels of human consciousness, behaving and relating, as ends rather than means, to oneself, to significant others, to human beings in general, to other species, to nature, and to the cosmos. (The Farther Reaches of Human Nature, New York, 1971, p. 269.)

Notice that placing self-transcendence above self-actualization results in a radically different model. While self-actualization refers to fulfilling your own potential, self-transcendence refers literally to transcending the self. And if successful, self-trancenders often have what Maslow called peak experiences, in which they transcend the individual ego. In such mystical, aesthetic, or emotional states one feels intense joy, peace, well-being, and an awareness of ultimate truth and the unity of all things.

Maslow also believed that such states aren’t always transitory—some people might be able to readily access them. This led him to define another term, “plateau experience.” These are more lasting, serene cognitive states, as opposed to peak experiences which tend to be mostly emotional and temporary. Moreover, in plateau experiences, one feels not only ecstasy but the sadness that comes with realizing that others don’t have such experiences. While Maslow believed that self-actualized, mature people are those most likely to have these self-transcendent experiences, he also felt that everyone was (potentially) capable of having them.

Given that Maslow’s humanistic psychology emphasized self-actualization and what is right with people, it isn’t surprising that his later transpersonal psychology explored extreme wellness or optimal well-being. This took the form of interest in persons who have expanded their normal sense of identity to experience the transpersonal or the underlying unity of all reality. (Thus the connection between transpersonal psychology, and the mystical and meditative traditions of many of the world’s religions.)

Let me conclude by looking at two succinct and eloquent statements contrasting self-actualization and self-transcendence. The first is from Mark Koltko-Rivera’s excellent summary of the Maslow’s later thought in: “Rediscovering the Later Version of Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs: Self-Transcendence and Opportunities for Theory, Research, and Unification.” Koltko-Rivera says:

At the level of self-actualization, the individual works to actualize the individual’s own potential [whereas] at the level of transcendence, the individual’s own needs are put aside, to a great extent, in favor of service to others …

The second is from Viktor Frankl. (I written on Frankl previously in: “Summary of Mans’ Search For Meaning” and “Summary of Frankl on Tragic Optimism.”) In Man’s Search for Meaning, one of the most profound books I’ve ever read, Frankl writes:

… the real aim of human existence cannot be found in what is called self-actualization. Human existence is essentially self-transcendence rather than self-actualization. Self-actualization is not a possible aim at all; for the simple reason that the more a [person] would strive for it, the more [they] would miss it. For only to the extent to which [people] commit [themselves] to the fulfillment of [their] life’s meaning, to this extent [they] also actualize [themselves.] In other words, self-actualization cannot be attained if it is made an end in itself, but only as a side-effect of self-transcendence.

                                           This lines up almost perfectly with what I think Maslow had in mind.

                                                                            reasonandmeaning.com

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                                               -not susceptible to corruption, especially by bribery-


    I do know until we start raising our children to be Leaders, and of the Being-Cognitive type


                                                        On site pdf of bestselfusa.com/being-cognition-vs-deficiency-cognition


                                                         


              I do Know our current Leaders (Congress,Surpreme Court,every aspect of Leadership,from your Boss, your children's                         teachers all, or majority of, are seeing the World from a Deficiency Cognition point of view


                                                      - Examples-                                                                                                                      

 

              Being-Cognition                   Seen as whole, as complete, self-sufficient, as unitary. Either Cosmic Consciousness (Bucks), in which whole cosmos is perceived as single thing with oneself belonging in it; or else the person, object, or portion of the world seen is seen as if it were the whole world, i.e., rest of world is forgotten. Integrative perceiving of unities. Unity of the world or object perceived.

                                                            -verse-


            Deficiency Cognition       Seen as part, as incomplete, not self-sufficient, as dependent upon other things. 



                                                              Adaptive behavior (ecology)

In behavioral ecology, adaptive behavior is any behavior that contributes directly or indirectly to an individual's reproductive success, and is thus subject to the forces of natural selection.[1] Examples include favoring kin in altruistic behaviors, female selection of the most fit male, and defending a territory or harem from rivals.

Conversely, non-adaptive behavior is any behavior that is counterproductive to an individual's survival or reproductive success. Examples might include altruistic behaviors which do not favor kin, adoption of unrelated young, and being a subordinate in a dominance hierarchy.

Adaptations are commonly defined as evolved solutions to recurrent environmental problems of survival and reproduction.[2] Individual differences commonly arise through both heritable and non-heritable adaptive behavior. Both have been proven to be influential in the evolution of species' adaptive behaviors, although non-heritable adaptation remains a controversial subject.[2] - wikipedia

thus non-adaptive behavior could be call " beyond reason ", makes no sense, yet does occur.


The most successful species in nature are those that are able to use adaptive behaviors to build on prior knowledge, thereby increasing their overall knowledge bank. In turn, this will improve their overall survival and reproductive success.- thus are not remaining the same, humanity may wish to remain the same, yet it isn't a selection humanity gets to make, as only Nature makes this decision in the end. Humanity can change as need be, or will not adapt, thus fail, in the form it is in currently.

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excerpts from above ;

                                                 " This adaptive ability not only allowed our progenitors to ride the massive seesaws of climate shifts but subsequently helped them to colonize new habitats. The earlier hominid species Homo erectus ranged across much of Africa and Asia. Meanwhile, Homo neanderthalensis -- Neanderthals -- occupied large parts of Europe. Our own species, Homo sapiens, dispersed to even more far-flung corners of the globe, employing boats to reach Australia more than 50,000 years ago."


The theory of "variability selection," which Potts first described in 1996, doesn't just relate to humans and their brains but can be applied to any species passing through periods of environmental instability. Generalist traits such as a wide-ranging diet would be an advantage at such times, Potts said, whether for grazing animals or for their predators.

"All organisms have to be able to maintain homeostasis within some range of conditions that are not completely stable," Potts explained. "The genome itself is an evolved structure, and that means that all forms of life have some degree of adaptability to them."


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Just ask anyone " why do you like what you like ? "  most likely they will have no reason

Just ask anyone " why do you want what you want ? "  most likely they will have no reason

          Tracy Chapman's song gives a very good example to transcending a individual self agenda, and seeing a very big reason.                                    If everyone always had this idea in their soul, there would be a greatly reduced reason to Hate