MichaelEmeryArt

           Bigotry a Universal Human trait ,it seems

 7/1/2019

                                                      Why the " Love thy neighbor " concept isn't working ?

The jigsaw technique is a method of organizing classroom activity that makes students dependent on each other to succeed. It breaks classes into groups and breaks assignments into pieces that the group assembles to complete the (jigsaw) puzzle. It was designed by social psychologist Elliot Aronson to help weaken racial cliques in forcibly integrated schools.[1][2][3]

The technique splits classes into mixed groups to work on small problems that the group collates into a final outcome.[1] For example, an in-class assignment is divided into topics. Students are then split into groups with one member assigned to each topic. Working individually, each student learns about his or her topic and presents it to their group. Next, students gather into groups divided by topic. Each member presents again to the topic group. In same-topic groups, students reconcile points of view and synthesize information. They create a final report. Finally, the original groups reconvene and listen to presentations from each member. The final presentations provide all group members with an understanding of their own material, as well as the findings that have emerged from topic-specific group discussion.


Elliot Aronson (born January 9, 1932) is an American psychologist who is best known for his experiments on the theory of cognitive dissonance and for his invention of the Jigsaw Classroom, a cooperative teaching technique which facilitates learning while reducing interethnic hostility and prejudice. In his popular (1972) social psychology textbook, The Social Animal, (now in its 11th edition), he stated Aronson's First Law: "People who do crazy things are not necessarily crazy," thus asserting the importance of situational factors in bizarre behavior. He is the only person in the 120-year history of the American Psychological Association to have won all three of its major awards: for writing, for teaching, and for research.[3] In 2007 he received the William James Award for Lifetime Achievement from the Association for Psychological Science, in which he was cited as the scientist who "fundamentally changed the way we look at everyday life.” [4] A Review of General Psychology survey, published in 2002, ranked Aronson as the 78th most cited psychologist of the 20th century.[5] He officially retired in 1994 but continues to teach and write.[6]

 

Suspended judgment is a cognitive process and a rational state of mind in which one withholds judgments, particularly on the drawing of moral or ethical conclusions. The opposite of suspension of judgment is premature judgment, usually shortened to prejudice, or in some philosophical systems such as Pyrrhonism the opposite is dogma. While prejudgment involves drawing a conclusion or making a judgment before having the information relevant to such a judgment, suspension of judgment involves waiting for all the facts before making a decision.


This suspension of judgment would grant Euthypro mental tranquility instead of making him hostage to his own emotions. This willingness to suspend judgment, especially in dialogue, was important to Socrates as well because he learned that in order to know more, you must admit you know less and question unexamined doctrines.

The Greek word skepsis means investigation. By calling themselves skeptics, the ancient skeptics thus describe themselves as investigators. They also call themselves ‘those who suspend’ (ephektikoi), thereby signaling that their investigations lead them to suspension of judgment. They do not put forward theories, and they do not deny that knowledge can be found. At its core, ancient skepticism is a way of life devoted to inquiry. Also, it is as much concerned with belief as with knowledge. As long as knowledge has not been attained, the skeptics aim not to affirm anything. This gives rise to their most controversial ambition: a life without belief.


"Our minds are wired to select and interpret evidence
sustaining the essential belief: “I'm OK”



Our thinking is the result of our own perception, judgment, experience, and bias. Our brain distorts reality to increase our self-esteem through self-justification. People perceive themselves readily as the origins of good effects and reluctantly as the origins of ill effects. We present a one-sided argument to ourselves.

Confirmation biasExternal Link is the strong human tendency to dismiss or distort evidence contrary to our beliefs and readily seek out evidence that supports our views.

Humility reduces our need for self-justification and allows us to admit to and learn from our mistakes. It can help us overcome many of these distortions


(In my view- One whom can not admit mistakes is creating a very dangerous scenario.)

Maybe being a Carpenter so many years has made me have to admit mistakes,,,as if I cut a board to short, select the wrong materials, etc. it is Clear and Present and I can not Hide it !

" Once one makes a Judgement, Now one is locked up to it, forever living in a " self-justification " state , to point it becomes a belief system, a self culture" -me

Then if we finds a " Group " that shares our bigotry / prejudice / pre-conceived notion - concept / ideas, Omg! ,watch out , group-think begins, now one has moral support !


   Why is to be " Humble " telling say, the younger generation , " Not to do what we have Done " - change!. So Difficult ?

I think as well " prejudice " can be a form of " self inflicted cognitive dissonance " , due to fact , now you've made judgement, now , you Own it !





                            Thus the first Step is → "Saying I'm not Ok ";


                             Not until then can one work at getting rid of  " prejudice ideas " ," pre-conceived notions"

I put " gaslighting " here due to fact some of the same effects it has are similar to how I have felt living secretly for so long as a , "Transfeminine/female-roled male third-gender" all my life. Such as ; " Gaslighting is a form of psychological manipulation in which a person seeks to sow seeds of doubt in a targeted individual " - I have many time felt " I am imagining or this can't be that → I want to have a body similar to a female " or " I want very much to be another male's girly boyfriend ", I must be crazy!. Yet knowing full well I wanted to be like a girl sexually since age 13, prior to that secretly desiring to dress like the girls,do girl things;

             " I don't wish to say I am female, yet I think I understand why so many transgender people do, it took me a long time to find a description of myself that fits me, and I think ; "Transfeminine/female-roled male third-gender" fits me best, and I think  " seeing myself as a person with a male body, yet having a highly feminine psyche / high desire to be in female role sexually.

I have for so longer felt ;


                   " Society is creating a Monster by way of simply not accepting other's differences "

Even as a " Artist Model ",  the taboo of it, the simple mindedness of so many toward nudity, we have a long,long way to go, if we want to get this " Monster " under control we have created

                                                                                                            " And it starts with the " Individual "


The meaning of the word "taboo" has been somewhat expanded in the social sciences to strong prohibitions relating to any area of human activity or custom that is sacred or forbidden based on moral judgment, religious beliefs, or cultural norms.[3] "Breaking a taboo" is usually considered objectionable by society in general, not merely a subset of a culture. - wikipedia