Free Will (volition)

We must first know how to think properly

...We have control over..what we make to be our belief!

This is just an old paradox in discussions of free will.

You are free to do whatever you desire. But you are not free to choose your desires. Similarly, Marx said, "man" makes his own history, but not under the historical conditions of his choosing. And Mill attempted to secularize the paradox by observing that we are slaves to habit, but can step back and form those habits. We can, in some measure, both rely on causes and effects and intervene between them.

The idea, which arises in many forms, is that "freedom" is indeed inevitably paradoxical. There is no such thing as "absolute" freedom nor "absolute" constraint. There are only indeterminacies and determinations on different levels, of which one may or may not be aware.

“Desire is when you do what you want, will is when you can do what you do not want.” P.D. Ouspensky

  I see this as Determinism

I think maybe "Free Will" could be looked at as: " Paddling down a fast moving stream,you can choose to steer and paddle,or simply set there,and be carried about by the Stream."-me

  and is this Determinism


As of 2018,
 Numerous countries have approved the use of PrEP for                                HIV/AIDS  prevention, including the United States,

Learning about " Prep " for HIV prevention does have a large impact on Whether or not I decide to remain " Celibate ", as this issue was a important factor in Dynamics of my ability to be with Men ,  this issue Looming on my mind as well as my Men's.

                                                  And for myself being " Celibate " is a extreme form of Constraint,
                                                  when I very much want to be having sex with men in my female role.

                      Thus I don't have ability to change / control the fact that I am a " Female-roled male sexually "
                      I do have the ability to decide if I have sex with men, the type of men, content / context of the sex we have.


I know personally if I ask myself ; " Michael , why do you love Art, sailing a boat, building boats, why I am a Fem-male, wish to appear feminine, be treated like a lady by a man. Why did I start posing for art classes, why do I love to pose for life-drawing classes, etc, etc...……..etc ? I don't know, and seemly can't change what I like.

A example I have wanted to have gender confirmation surgery for many years (Vulvoplasty & Zero Depth Vaginoplasty and breast augmentation), so my body appears much more feminine / female like. Yet not letting myself become obsessed with the want, is only a volition aspect I have ,yet I still want it. If I truly had Free-Will I would not even want to be a Fem-male, be in the role as female with a male, and look back at my experinces with males when I was in my Fem-male role, and say " that's not my want , I tried it's not for me, yet in reality, there is nothing more I want, at least sexually, then to be in the female role

Not Female,, just the Role

          Let's say your a actor/actress and your role is to play the part of a monkey, it would be more realistic if you could wear a monkey outfit , true!

I too this day believe the only way I over came my alcohol addiction was due to fact that I was able to live some where which aided me in my effort to be free of alcohol for two years, thus I under went a major life style change, thus if you came up to me, offered me a drink, I would not even want it now...there would be no desire for it.

Yet if I where out shopping say, and I met a attractive black man, and he showed interest in me and asked me out on a date, I would not be able to not,   very much desire to see him, I would have to go out with him, I would not be able to" not want to be a Fem-male for him ".

Matter of fact , knowing myself ,I'd most likely ask him if he has time, would he like to go out and sit in his car to talk in private, and if we did I almost certainly would ask him if I could perform fellatio on him there in the car, and if all went well, I would ask him if he might want to "bone me like a lady " . I'd in essense be at his mercy if he did bone me, and he wished to continue to, as I would want him to bone me as often as he possible could-  I would have no free-will.   a big reason I've remained celibate, I know myself, and I worry of becoming addicted to sex again, all the craziness of the way it was back in the early 2000's


Volition definition, the act of willing, choosing, or resolving; exercise of willing

     I see this as Determinism

Currently I believe "The ability for the Individual to understand Free-Will is a Key to self-actualization

the following is @ EmotionalCompetency.com

What we accept as true

What do you hold to be true? Why did you choose these beliefs? Do you act according to those beliefs? Perhaps you believe particular widely-held values that provide an excellent standard for judging right and wrong, good and bad, important from trivial. Perhaps you have other values and believe something else. Knowing yourself requires a careful examination of your own values and beliefs. What are they? How did they originate? What are they based on? Why do you hold these beliefs? Are they based on reliable evidence? Are your goals and actions consistent with your beliefs? How do your beliefs align with your values? How have they evolved over your lifetime? How do they help you live a gratifying life?

Adopt a robust theory of knowledge and use it to carefully choose your own values and beliefs.


  • A statement, assertion, or theory you accept as true.
  • Our basis for deciding, choosing, and acting.

Myths and Misconceptions:

Many people profess beliefs that are obviously false. Here are some of the more destructive and common examples:

  1. I had no choice.
  2. He made me do it.
  3. That's just how I am.
  4. It's all my parent's fault.
  5. It's all your fault.
  6. If we don't talk about it the issue will disappear.
  7. The past constrains the future.
  8. Denial is a solution.

Discard these unhelpful and false beliefs along with unhelpful primal rules that may be harming your decision making.

An assumption is an unfounded belief. Assumptions are unchallenged, unquestioned, unexamined, and very often untrue. Many terms describe unfounded beliefs including: rumors, myths, legends, folk-lore, blind-faith, and wives-tales. Our bias, prejudices, ignorance, and experiences manifest in our assumptions. Apply your theory of knowledge to challenge rumors and assumptions before basing decisions on them. Stay curious. Don't be gullible, don't be fooled.

Firm Beliefs

Possibilities and speculations may become firm beliefs after curiosity, inquiry, and exploration transform assumptions into opinions and opinions into facts. This is the substance of wisdom.

Each of us approaches a new idea, information, rumor, proposal, or explanation with a particular presumption. This presumption can range from a very unlikely, dismissive, and skeptical stance to a very likely and accepting stance. This presumption is plotted on the vertical axis in the following diagram, ranging from unlikely at the bottom, ranging through possible in the middle and extending to likely at the top.

To determine the truth of a belief we assess the correspondence of this belief with reality. As we become more curious about the proposal we can learn more about the evidence that supports or contradicts its accuracy. Our understanding of the evidence begins to increase as a result of our inquiry and exploration. As more and more information becomes available, we become better informed and create a more accurate understanding and assessment of the situation. This accumulation of evidence is plotted on the horizontal axis in the following diagram. It ranges from unexamined on the left to examined on the right


The proletariat (/ˌproʊlɪˈtɛəriət/ from Latin proletarius "producing offspring") is the class of wage-earners in an economic society whose only possession of significant material value is their labour-power (how much work they can do).[1] A member of such a class is a proletarian.

Indeed, Marx's conception of capitalist class relations only makes sense in terms of his dynamic model of capital accumulation. Capitalism is a novel and uniquely dynamic mode of production that emerged when the direct producers (the peasantry) were removed from control over the land to become "proletarians", people for whom survival depends on selling their ability to work in the labour market. This shift in social relations was incredibly important because it created the conditions by which capitalism became simultaneously the most dynamic and the most out of control (or "alienated" as Marx called it) social system known to history.


Though Marx wrote a great deal on the relationship between wage labour and the dynamism of the capitalist system, he never finished the section of Volume Three of Capital in which he began to define class. Nevertheless, he left enough material for us to reconstruct a model of class from his works.

One important attempt to do this was made by Lenin. He defined class as a relationship: workers sell their capacity to work while capitalists buy these abilities. The great strength of this approach was its illumination of similarities between superficially different jobs.

Unfortunately, it is not a wholly satisfactory model. For instance, modern capitalism operates through senior managers who, like workers, often sell their ability to work, but who, unlike workers, are not exploited (indeed they play a key role in the exploitation of others). There are also other groups whose conditions of life overlap both with capitalists above and workers below them - middle managers, certain professionals and so on. These "new middle classes", whose existence reflects the growing complexity of the capitalist labour process, tend to help maintain the exploitation of workers while simultaneously experiencing pressures that partially parallel those felt by these workers.- Why workers can change the world

The philosopher Spinoza once made the point that if an arrow endowed with consciousness were shot in the air, well, the arrow while in the midst of travel would assume itself free.

“Free will” is about as possible for mortals as would it be for a lab rat in a labyrinth to fancy it has freedom to will.

Schopenhauer is commenting on the illusory nature of free will.

As human beings capable of rational thought and self-reflection, we imagine ourselves to have "free will," which makes us distinct from inanimate objects and animals. We believe we are masters of our own destinies, because we can choose to conform our actions to our desires (we can "do what we want").

However, if our choices are determined by our desires, then the freedom of our choices really depends on whether our desires are "free" in the first place, doesn't it? If we follow the origin of our desires to its base level, we inevitably end up at a source of action that is external to our conscious self, i.e. something we do not choose. For example, I choose to eat this sandwich because I'm hungry. But why am I hungry? Because a lack of nutrients in my body has sent a chemical signal to my brain, triggering it to want to eat. Is my choice to eat this sandwich a free one, if it is ultimately caused by biochemical events outside of my control?

A similar analysis could be applied to any chain of action and desire a person could have. Man is not truly free because he is slave to desires he has no control over; he cannot will what he wills, and thus is no more special or different from any other object in the universe.

    It is important to remember that a thought is harmless unless we believe them and act on them. As the subject, since thoughts are an object of your awareness, you have the power to challenge every thought. You can decide if you want to make that thought real. Elizabeth Thornton
Read more at: https://www.brainyquote.com/authors/elizabeth_thornton

                          The power of neuroplasticity!

We once believed that the brain did not change after childhood. Scientific advances now tell us that this is not true. The brain can and does change throughout our lives. The brain is adaptable and flexible like plastic. Scientists call this brain adaptability NEUROPLASTICITY.

How does neuroplasticity work?  Think of our brain as a connected power grid in our bodies, with billions of pathways lighting up every time we think, feel, or do something. Some of these pathways are well used and control our habits, the way we react to a particular situation, the way we move, and what we feel or sense.

When we start thinking of things differently, when we learn a new task, or when we try a new way of doing something, we develop new pathways in the brain. The more that we practice the new tasks, the stronger the new pathway connections become. These connections strengthen as old habits and actions weaken.shelteringarms.com

Contrary to popular belief our brains are not ‘hard-wired’ as adults – in fact our brains have an innate ability to adapt and change themselves by creating new neural pathways and over-writing others throughout our lives. This process is known as neuroplasticity and means that we can train our brain to lose old habits and behaviours, as well as developing new ones. Harnessing the power of neuroplasticity, you can guide your brain to be more adaptable to modern life and realise its greatest potential. Our brain’s inherited wiring has changed so little over millennia and was designed for us to survive as cave people, however by breaking free of this you could exceed your current expectations and evolve in a way you might not have considered possible.

After the natural physical and hormonal changes to your brain slow down at the age of approximately 25, only proactive stimulation will maintain your brain’s flexibility and growth. Taking up new hobbies or practicing new behaviours will strengthen new pathways whilst weakening old habits. Training your brain to adopt a new skill, for instance learning a new language or musical instrument, might seem difficult and tiring at first but is a great way to develop these new neural pathways and keep your brain more plastic and flexible.

By encouraging our brain’s neuroplasticity, we can not only learn new skills and habits, but actually teach ourselves to become more emotionally intelligent, open-minded and intuitive, overcoming our unconscious biases. For example, by practicing mindfulness regularly you can train your brain to better control emotions and thought processes, helping you focus better.- the-unlimited-mind.com

A example of Free Will or not, might be ; I can't not want to be a man's girly-boy friend, yet I can very much decide whom that man might be, and in what content and context.-me

Human Obligations

Our obligations to other human beings are stringent but practicable. They include obligations not to inflict certain kinds of treatment on others, obligations to provide certain kinds of aid to others, and obligations not to burden others unfairly with the consequences of choices that are of primary benefit to ourselves. - thepublicdiscourse.com

I like the talk of " delayed gratification " is part of above talk.