MichaelEmeryArt

     Heuristics , Self-control , Attention and Ego depletion

                                                                                                                                                                 4/13/2019

excerpt from above site ;  " Ego depletion refers to the idea that mental effort is an exhaustible resource, and based on a set of studies carried out Roy Baumeister and colleagues, the researchers concluded that ego depletion appears to have a negative effect on both decision making and self-regulation.

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"Anyone who's ever tried to do something requiring strong willpower has faced the temptation to give up at one time or another. Maybe you decided to quit smoking or stick to a diet. There may have been times when you just couldn't resist any longer. Why is it that it was easier to restrain yourself one time than another? When you gave in to those unhealthy urges, you may have been suffering from ego depletion."- betterhelp.com

                Rethinking spontaneous giving: Extreme time pressure and ego-depletion favor self-regarding - reactions                             

                                                        nature.com 

 excerpt from above site ;  "Previous experimental studies suggest that cooperation in one-shot anonymous interactions is, on average, spontaneous, rather than calculative. To explain this finding, it has been proposed that people internalize cooperative heuristics in their everyday life and bring them as intuitive strategies in new and atypical situations. Yet, these studies have important limitations, as they promote intuitive responses using weak time pressure or conceptual priming of intuition. Since these manipulations do not deplete participants’ ability to reason completely, it remains unclear whether cooperative heuristics are really automatic or they emerge after a small, but positive, amount of deliberation. Consistent with the latter hypothesis, we report two experiments demonstrating that spontaneous reactions in one-shot anonymous interactions tend to be egoistic. In doing so, our findings shed further light on the cognitive underpinnings of cooperation, as they suggest that cooperation in one-shot interactions is not automatic, but appears only at later stages of reasoning."

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                                                                            8 CULTURAL HEURISTICS 


Our discussion so far has been aimed at dissolving the study of ideology into the larger study of cultural understanding. Now we must take the opposite approach: we must break ideology down into smaller and distinctly analyzable parts. The goal is to replace the study of ideology with the study of ideological mechanisms and ideological effects of cultural software, which, taken together, produce what previous theorists have called ideology.A great failing of traditional Marxist models of ideology has been that they have usually not offered very detailed explanations of how ideological beliefs are formed in individuals and how these beliefs could be produced by psycho­logical and cognitive mechanisms. Instead, traditional models have tended to focus on the distorting content of beliefs and on whether these distortions tend to serve or disserve the interests of various classes.By contrast, the theory of cultural software focuses on the mechanisms that produce ideological effects and the means by which they spread widely among human minds. This task requires a study both of social psychological mechanisms and of the ways in which people share their understandings of the social world through the spread of language and symbolic forms.- jackbalkin.yale.edu


Now throw in a Twist of being Hurried so Lack of Attention occurs, throw in a cupful of " Pre-concieved Notions ", another cup-ful of being fatigued and Cognitive Dissonance is there yet voice less, a Negative outcome begins to form.

                    Could what be happening is similar to what Iain McGilchrist explains in below video ?

                                                                         And Keeping things apart ?

excerpt from Socrates Wisdom ; 

Socrates was aware of his own ignorance; he did not think he was wise. Thus, he decided to attempt to refute the oracle by finding someone who was wiser than himself. He spoke to people with different profession’s, such as politicians, poets, and craftsmen; however, he found that they only possessed “human wisdom”. For example, the artisans were only wise in their art, but they lacked wisdom in what Socrates referred to as “higher things” or “human excellence.” Socrates found that:

“I am wiser than this man, for neither of us appears to know anything great and good; but he fancies he knows something although he knows nothing; whereas I, as I do not know anything, so I do not fancy I do.”

     The Master and His Emissary, the Emissary compelled to think knowing something , yet does not Know!


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Thought-terminating cliché


They are often sayings that have been embedded in a culture's folk wisdom and are tempting to say because they sound true or good or like the right thing to say.[16]


Lifton wrote, "The language of the totalist environment is characterized by the thought-terminating cliché. The most far-reaching and complex of human problems are compressed into brief, highly reductive, definitive-sounding phrases, easily memorized and easily expressed. These become the start and finish of any ideological analysis".[21] Sometimes they are used in a deliberate attempt to shut down debate, manipulate others to think a certain way, or dismiss dissent. However, some people repeat them, even to themselves, out of habit or conditioning, or as a defense mechanism to reaffirm a confirmation bias.[16][22]