MichaelEmeryArt

Humans May Be the Most Adaptive Species

                            " My question might be now, are we as humans adapting or are we stuck on old pre-concieved ways,

                                                              and we can Adapt, if we allow ourselves too, I believe" -8/29/2019

                        For myself there are two types of adaptability ; Psychological and Physiological

                                  On this page I am mainly looking at Psychological, due to fact, I believe humans can if allowing                                                 themselves to, can adapt nearly instantly , and if the new adaptation works better, take it into                                                     themselves Psychologically, nuture it, and pass it on.

                                 " Looking back through history ,those aspects of human Ideology that have "Stood the test of Time", have                                                adapted to human beings given circumstance,individually or collectively.

                                 " Thus those Ideas that can adapt, shall survive, those that don't will not . for example;
                                    religion, unless all religions adapt to modern ways, they will cause chaos,yet they can adapt.

                                 " Another might be home building design, It has to Adapt by design, and from my view point can not survive                                      as currently being done."

                                 " Art's Role since the beginning of time has been in some way, " to convey a Idea ", and the World needs;
                                                                                         " New Ideas "

                                                                " If I draw anything , I am coveying a Idea of "

                                                                        " If I pose , I am conveying a Idea of "

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                               ""Our brains are essentially social brains," he added. "We share information, we create and pass on knowledge. That's the means by which humans are able to adjust to new situations, and it's what differentiates humans from our earlier ancestors, and our earlier ancestors from primates."

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                               " 

All genetic mutations start out random, but those that are beneficial to an organism's success in their environment are directly selected for and quickly perpetuate throughout the population, providing a uniform, traceable signature.

With the help of postdoctoral researcher James Cai and recent graduate student Michael Macpherson, Petrov and co-senior author Guy Sella, a biologist at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, used different methodology from what's been used before to look for signatures of adaptation left in the human genome.

"We detected a number of signatures that suggest adaptation is quite pervasive and common," Petrov said.

Humans have a very complex history from traveling around the globe, and the human genome is also highly structured, making it complicated and difficult to work with, he said.

To find the adaptation signal, Petrov and his colleagues looked for regions of the genome that "hitchhiked" along with an adaptation. When a genetic adaptation occurs and is passed on to offspring, other genes on both sides of the adaptation typically accompany it. The result is a whole region of the genome where all humans are unusually similar to each other, referred to as a "selective sweep," that researchers can identify and trace through human genetic history."

"We are on a crest of a wave showing that adaptation is a lot more prevalent than we thought," Petrov said.

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                              " TAKING RISKS IS THE HUMAN WAY, 

 " 

Our world is continuously changing, which brings us new technologies, scientific advances, and incredible art and literature. We must all adapt faster than ever, and the demands on our personal and professional lives can be overwhelming, negatively impacting our conduct with others and the decisions we make.

To effectively navigate constantly shifting conditions, we must become lifelong learners. Instead of floundering around, desperately trying to keep up with the flow, we should develop our abilities and create a vision for the future.2

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                        " Human beings are biologically adapted for culture in ways that other primates are not, as evidenced most clearly by the fact that only human cultural traditions accumulate modifications over historical time (the ratchet effect). The key adaptation is one that enables individuals to understand other individuals as intentional agents like the self. This species-unique form of social cognition emerges in human ontogeny at approximately 1 year of age, as infants begin to engage with other persons in various kinds of joint attentional activities involving gaze following, social referencing, and gestural communication. Young children's joint attentional skills then engender some uniquely powerful forms of cultural learning, enabling the acquisition of language, discourse skills, tool-use practices, and other conventional activities. These novel forms of cultural learning allow human beings to, in effect, pool their cognitive resources both contemporaneously and over historical time in ways that are unique in the animal kingdom."

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That which we might reasonably guess would be genetically programmed into our beings is dragged out and made normal. This sort of thing proves that culture is capable of “overriding biology” (though that presumed relationship is often a falsehood) and suggests that human behavior in general may be primarily culturally coded rather than genetically coded. After all, culture is a powerful and rich source of information that can be passed on from generation to generation like genes, but altered in ways not possible with genes. One would expect selection to favor culturally mediated traits over genetically mediated traits."

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                          " 

Human variability refers to the fact that there is a range of possible values for each of the numerous physical and mental characteristics of human beings.

Fundamental Characteristic

Variation is, in fact, inherent in every living species. It is the result of fundamental biological and environmental processes, and it is an important trait in ensuring the vitality of species, their ability to adapt to changing environments and even their very survival.

The degree of variability can differ considerably according to the species. It is generally believed that it is much greater in humans than that of any other species. This is largely because the brains of humans are far more advanced, thus creating numerous new or expanded categories in which there are variations (e.g., education levels, language and artistic skills).

Individuals in many species, including humans, are highly aware even from infancy of the differences among individuals in their own species, and they are usually far more aware of the variability in their own species than in other species.

The fact that each person is different is so basic to the human experience that it would be difficult to visualize a world in which all people were identical. Yet, despite the fact that variability has been so fundamental to the survival and advancement of humans, it has also had major costs, ranging from subtle discrimination to ostracism to genocide. These costs have been borne disproportionately by some individuals and groups. "

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"Scientists on a mission to cultivate a deeper understanding of human PSYCHOLOGY & BEHAVIOR

Welcome to the future home of the PsychTable EPA Research Database. We created this website to share our vision and progress as we work towards launching our open-science research tool for the world's use. After learning about PsychTable, we hope you'll be as excited about its potential as we are."


" This mass collaborative project will be the first comprehensive database to classify, compile, and organize proposed human Evolved Psychological Adaptations (EPAs) onto a dynamic platform optimized for scientific evaluation and research."

OUR GOALS

WE AIM to fulfill 4 core OBJECTIVES:

 

 1

Increase awareness of the role evolution has played in shaping our minds, brain, and behavior

 
 
 

 2

Create a simple and intuitive taxonomy of EPAs

 
 
 

 3

Help identify gaps in current EPA research

 
 
 

 4

Provide a reference tool for scientists studying human behavior


 What is an EPA?

An evolved psychological adaptation (EPA for short) is a species-typical behavioral or cognitive trait which has been shaped by the process of natural selection, because of genetic fitness benefits it conferred to its bearers over the course of evolutionary time. For example, organisms which need to consume water in order to survive may have a set of EPAs which causes them to crave water, approach water sources, drink water, and (possibly) experience the ingestion of water as pleasurable or as relieving an aversive sensation we might call "thirst."

The defining criterion of an EPA is that it develops similarly in all individuals of a species given a typical developmental environment (Barrett & Kurzban, 2004). Accordingly, it should be noted that the definition of an EPA does not include behavioral inflexibility in the face of personal experience, nor does it specify that EPAs are unchanging throughout the life course. On the contrary, EPAs should be expected to display high levels of responsiveness and variability to different environmental inputs as well as varying expression over different stages of the life course.


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A question I have had for some time  " Why does one Race do better then another, at least at a given Time ? "