“To do one’s own business and not to be a busybody is justice.” (Republic 433b.) Although the modern reader may find it odd, this is the definition of justice Plato offers. The idea is that justice consists in fulfilling one’s proper role – realizing one’s potential whilst not overstepping it by doing what is contrary to one’s nature. This applies both to the just state and to the just individual. In the just state, each class and each individual has a specific set of duties, a set of obligations to the community which, if everyone fulfils them, will result in a harmonious whole. When a person does what he is supposed to do, he receives whatever credit and remuneration he deserves, and if he fails to do his task, he is appropriately punished.
Plato’s conception of justice is informed by his conviction that everything in nature is part of a hierarchy, and that nature is ideally a vast harmony, a cosmic symphony, every species and every individual serving a purpose. In this vision, anarchy is the supreme vice, the most unnatural and unjust state of affairs. The just state, then, like nature, is hierarchical: individuals are ranked according to their aptitudes, and definitively placed in the social hierarchy.
The individual soul, too, is hierarchical: the appetitive part is inferior to the spirited part, which is inferior to the rational. Yet each has a necessary role to play. Reason should govern the individual, but the appetites must also to an extent be heeded if the person’s soul is to be harmonious and not in conflict with itself. And if every aspect of the soul accomplishes its task well, or fittingly, the result is necessarily a ‘moderate’ and ordered state of affairs. The virtuous individual has a well-ordered soul, which is to say that he knows what justice is and acts according to his knowledge. He knows his place in the state; he knows what his aptitudes are and he puts them into practice. He also adheres to the dictates of reason, doing everything in moderation.- Plato’s Just State
example myself ; I be Server/Artisan roled, male yet female roled sexually, serving the common good
below are excerpts from ; Soul Types: The Seven Roles in Essence ↑
|ROLE||POSITIVE POLE||NEGATIVE POLE|
|Server||service (serving the common good)||servitude (loss of own power)|
|Artisan||creation (bringing good ideas to life)||artifice (ideas used to deceive)|
|Warrior||persuasion (influencing others’ will)||coercion (imposing own will)|
|Scholar||knowledge (learning from life)||theory (lost in abstractions)|
|Sage||communication (delivering messages)||verbosity (stuck on transmission)|
|Priest||motivation (inspiring others to change up)||zealotry (overly fanatical)|
|King||mastery (absolute responsibility)||tyranny (absolute power)|