MichaelEmeryArt

7/25/2019


“I believe the great artists of the future will use fewer words, copy fewer things, essays will be shorter in words and longer in meaning. There will be a battle against obscurity. Effort will be made to put everything plain, out in the open. By this means we will enter into the real mystery. There will be fewer things said and done, but each thing will be fuller and will receive fuller consideration. Now we waste. There is too much “Art,” too much “decoration,” too many things are made, too many amusements wasted. Not enough is fully considered. We must paint only what is important to us, must not respond to outside demands. They do not know what they want, or what we have to give.”
― Basic Books, The Art Spirit


I believe as Time advances technology,it also floods us ,in a sense the generation of 1700-1770, wasn't exposed to even close to that of a generation of say 2000-2070, over loaded with; " this is that,here is how this is,etc,imagery everywhere,what is real,what isn't,"

Our Minds so Flooded, multi-tasking we go!, jack of many trades, master of None, What is really amazing to start off, since the internet came into being, there has been not One Major development , and with such a Wealth of imformation  !, I have always thought the reason people can't Draw, is due to their inability to free their Minds of " Pre-Concieved Notions ",,,the truth is appearing!

                                                                                                                                                         my 2 cents as of now


I say though " It's High Time ,We pick up the pieces,that which is Real and truthful, and leave " Pre-Concieved Notions " behind,thus;

    

                                                                    Move Ahead ! before it's to Late!


                                                            As Robert Henri is saying above ,I believe,   the Real is being Obscured!

                                                            And Albert Einstein below

                   Liberation from Self                                         

                                                                       (the biggest Addiction)                                                                                                      


A human being is part of the whole called by us universe, a part limited in time and space. We experience ourselves, our thoughts and feelings as something separate from the rest. A kind of optical delusion of consciousness. This delusion is a kind of prison for us, restricting us to our personal desires and to affection for a few persons nearest to us. Our task must be to free ourselves from the prison by widening our circle of compassion to embrace all living creatures and the whole of nature in its beauty. The true value of a human being is determined by the measure and the sense in which they have obtained liberation from the self. We shall require a substantially new manner of thinking if humanity is to survive. (Albert Einstein, 1954)














(self-actualized,is same as liberation of self, A term I created in 1996 prior to knowing these other terms."beyond Pre-conceived Notions- in Essense, one's own constructed "Pre-Concieved Notions,is what stops one from "developing to a" Higher State of being"

I think my definition is; "Self nurturing to develop one's Self to become the most "Developed/civilized/spiritual",human being one can.and All ways evolving through study,inquiry,contempalition.- never ceasing-

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Through art mysterious bonds of understanding and of knowledge are established among men. They are the bonds of a great Brotherhood. Those who are of the Brotherhood know each other, and time and space cannot separate them.

The Brotherhood is powerful. It has many members. They are of all places and of all times. The members do not die. One is member to the degree that he can be member, no more, no less. And that part of him that is of the Brotherhood does not die.

The work of the Brotherhood does not deal with surface events. Institutions on the world surface can rise and become powerful and they can destroy each other. Statesmen can put patch upon patch to make things continue to stand still. No matter what may happen on the surface the Brotherhood goes steadily on. It is the evolution of man. Let the surface destroy itself, the Brotherhood will start it again. For in all cases, no matter how strong the surface institutions become, no matter what laws may be laid down, what patches may be made, all change that is real is due to the Brotherhood.- Robert Henri



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12/24/2018
Currently ; I find Dąbrowski Theory of of Positive Disintegration  the most helpful guideline for personal development, I relate to it very well, to point of ; "nearly describes my life"

I think if one compares Dabrowski's  theory to ,Plato's Allegory of the Cave, similarities !, I think the main thing is that the Individual see the World, in truth,sees it's based on Preconceptions , and wishs to create a better place for all. Yes more motivated, due to having much higher sensitivity to this reality, is much more motivated then the Average person

I don't think if one doesn't work at developing one's own self-esteem to a high enough degree, one can't overcome the " social norm thing", thus will simply remain at a complied state, even if one has all the money in the world, autonomy (freedom from external control or influence; independence), will not be reached.

One thing that is my concern is Self-deception due to fact I fall into the transgender catorgory, in seeing myself as a Fem-male, the concern being transgender peoples wanting to say they are truthfully of the sex they desire, even though they are biologically not of the sex they desire, for example I wish to have a body similar to a females, be in the sexual role as a female, yet I know full well I can't be a female biologically......just my thought.

the Allegory of the Cave, I feel tries to help us see Self-Deception

-A Start- " I believe One must realize "end of history illusion in themselves,then one can realize we must never stop with Personal growth,and then realize our view points will change!"

The end-of-history illusion is a psychological illusion in which individuals of all ages believe that they have experienced significant personal growth and changes in tastes up to the present moment, but will not substantially grow or mature in the future.[1] Despite recognizing that their perceptions have evolved, individuals predict that their perceptions will remain roughly the same in the future.

The illusion is based on the fact that at any given developmental stage, an individual can observe a relatively low level of maturity in previous stages. The phenomenon affects teenagers, middle-aged individuals, and seniors. In general, people tend to see significant changes in hindsight, but fail to predict that these changes will continue. For example, a 20-year-old's impression of how great a change they will undergo in the next ten years will not be as extreme as a 30-year-old's recollection of the changes they underwent between the ages of 20 and 30. The same phenomenon is true for people of any age.[2] The reason for the illusion has not been studied, although researchers speculate that a resistance or fear of change may be causal.[2]

Psychologist Daniel Gilbert gave a TED talk about the illusion.[3] Gilbert speculates that the phenomenon may occur because of the difficulty of predicting how one will change or a satisfaction-me with one's current state of being.[4] Gilbert also relates the phenomenon to the way humans perceive time in general.[4] 

me-1. this is ok if everyone in tribe ,has their needs met, being justicely treated, otherwise is not. criminals now begin to begin to develop 2. very egoic/self-agenda mindset , and justified by, "Oh I am happy,not breaking rules, I can't help others whom are suffering,if I speak up in favor of a un-popular social condition(slavery,gay marriage ie), it may cause me social harm.- thus state of apathy.

A Priori Justification and Knowledge  - plato.stanford

A priori justification is a type of epistemic justification that is, in some sense, independent of experience.

A priori justification seems to rest on rational intuitions, or insights, but there are a variety of views about the nature of these intuitions or insights. There are different explanations of how these intuitions provide justification, if they do. Some philosophers do not see a priori justification as resting on any evidence, either experiential or nonexperiential, and so not resting on rational intuitions or insights at all. - in essense what been told

Kant's aim was to move beyond the traditional dichotomy between rationalism and empiricism. The rationalists had tried to show that we can understand the world by careful use of reason; this guarantees the indubitability of our knowledge but leaves serious questions about its practical content. The empiricists, on the other hand, had argued that all of our knowledge must be firmly grounded in experience; practical content is thus secured, but it turns out that we can be certain of very little. Both approaches have failed, Kant supposed, because both are premised on the same mistaken assumption. 

The first distinction separates a priori from a posteriori judgments by reference to the origin of our knowledge of them. A priori judgments are based upon reason alone, independently of all sensory experience, and therefore apply with strict universality. A posteriori judgments, on the other hand, must be grounded upon experience and are consequently limited and uncertain in their application to specific cases. Thus, this distinction also marks the difference traditionally noted in logic between necessary and contingent truths. - (in essense , not seeing something as it truthly is,but by what you where told it is from childhood for example), thus a " Pre-Concieved Notion "


a priori and a posteriori (empirical) justification

A priori justification is a certain kind of justification often contrasted with empirical, or a posteriori, justification. To get an idea of the difference, consider the following pairs of propositions. In each case, the first member of the pair is supposed to be an example in which, if we are justified in believing the proposition, we are a priori justified in believing it, and the second member an example in which, if we are justified in believing the proposition, we are a posteriori (that is, empirically) justified in believing it. Some of the propositions are false, but that does not mean that we could not be justified in believing them before we had evidence that they are false.

  • 1 a. All bachelors are unmarried.
  • b. All bachelors in the U.S. are taxed at a different rate from married men.
  • 2a. All crows are birds.
  • b. All crows are black.
  • 3a. All vixens are female.
  • b. All vixens are cunning.
  • 4a. Green is a color.
  • b. Grass is green.
  • 5a. No object can be red and green all over at the same time.
  • b. There are ripe tomatoes that are now red all over but were green all over weeks earlier.
  • 6a. If A is taller than B, and B is taller than C, then A is taller than C.
  • b. Shaquille O'Neale is taller than Kobe Bryant, and Kobe Bryant is taller than Tony Parker (famous basketball players).
  • 7a. A house is an abode for living.
  • b. A house undermined will fall.
  • 8a.All rubies are red.
  • bi. All rubies have chemical structure Al2O3.

  • ii. Topaz is either blue, orange, yellow, or yellowish brown.

  • iii. Water is H2O.
  • 9a. 2 + 2 = 4.
  • b. 2 quarts of any liquid added to 2 more quarts of any liquid = 4 quarts of liquid.
  • 10a. All squares are rectangles.
  • b. No square-shaped object has a surface area greater than the total surface area of the United States.
  • 11a. If you know something, you believe it and it's true.
  • b. I know that the earth is the third planet from the sun.
  • 12a. Happiness is an intrinsic good.
  • b. Happiness is produced by a person's belief that the most important things in her life are going well.
  • 13a. It is wrong to punish the innocent.
  • b. People who are unjustly punished often become resentful.
  • 14a. Torturing people just for the fun of it is wrong.
  • b. Torture often produces unreliable testimony.


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“The true value of a human being can be found in the degree to which he has attained liberation from the self.”
Albert Einstein



Liberation from the Self

The average person, though he or she likely does not know or believe it, is driven by the small "self" of the human ego. The sense of a separate "I" which is nothing more than an undisciplined but continuous stream of thought is, in effect, his or her identity, and he or she acts based upon such thoughts. Yet on all continents and in all ages non-dualistic wisdom traditions have pointed out the fallacy of this belief. We are much, much more than we think; albeit, what we think, we are.
"What man," asked Jesus, "ever added one cubit to his stature by taking thought?" "Know thyself," Socrates urged. "Nothing is either good or bad, but our thinking makes it so," observed Shakespeare.

"There is no ego apart from the thoughts," explains Eckhart Tolle in the attached video. "The thoughts, (and) the identification with thoughts, is ego. But the thoughts that go through your mind, of course, are linked to the collective mind of the culture you live in (and) humanity as a whole. So they are not your thoughts as such, but you pick them up from the collective - most of them. And, so, you identify with thinking, and the identification with thinking becomes ego. Which means, simply, that you believe in every thought that arises, and you derive your sense of who you are from what your mind is telling you who you are." "Thus we allow ourselves to become Pre-Concieved"-me

Yet the wisdom of all the worlds great religious and/or spiritual traditions (along with that of transpersonal and many other Western psychoanalytic schools) tells us that there is a far greater depth to our being than the merely egoic self.
The great twentieth century Protestant theologian, Paul Tillich put it this way:
"The wisdom of all ages and of all continents speaks about the road to our depth. It has been described in innumerably different ways. But all those who have been concerned - mystics and priests, poets and philosophers, simple people and educated - with that road through confession, lonely self-scrutiny, internal or external catastrophes, prayer, contemplation, have witnessed to the same experience. They have found they are not what what they believed themselves to be, even after a deeper level had appeared to them below the vanishing surface. That deeper level itself became surface, when a still deeper level was discovered, this happening again and again, as long as their lives, as long as they kept on the road to their depth. . . .

The name of this infinite and inexhaustible depth and ground of all being is
God. That depth is what the word God means. . . . For if you know that God means depth, you know much about him. You cannot then call yourself an atheist or an unbeliever. For you cannot think or say: Life has no depth! Life itself is shallow. If you could say this in complete seriousness, you would be an atheist; but otherwise you are not. He who knows about depth knows about God."
To mistake the small "self" or ego with who we are, thereby obscuring the depths of our being (and thereby the Ground of Being, itself) is, however all too common. Albert Einstein, called it "an optical delusion of consciousness," observing: "A human being is part of the whole called by us the universe, a part limited in time and space. We experience ourselves, our thoughts and feelings as something separate from the rest. A kind of optical delusion of consciousness."

"The true value of a human being," the great scientist noted, "is determined by the measure and the sense in which they have obtained
liberation from the self. We shall require a substantially new manner of thinking if humanity is to survive," he warned.
The first step in obtaining "liberation from the self," is thus, (as Tolle notes) becoming aware of our own egoic thinking in order to disidentify with it, to become the observer of the thought rather than the enactor of the ego's thinking.


 "A human being is a part of the whole called by us universe, a part limited in time and space. He experiences himself, his thoughts and feeling as something separated from the rest, a kind of optical delusion of his consciousness. This delusion is a kind of prison for us, restricting us to our personal desires and to affection for a few persons nearest to us. Our task must be to free ourselves from this prison by widening our circle of compassion to embrace all living creatures and the whole of nature in its beauty.

- Albert Einstein  
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“Rule your mind or it will rule you”- Buddha

Some call this self actualizing,true-self....what ever it may be,...knowing one's own mind,,(self-awareness is where to start)

Open-mindedness

Think of not Knowing....this where .to see as a child..not preconceived by history,society,,what you have done

One thing that is very common amongst people whom self-actualize/or achive liberation from self(Einstein)..They all have great respect,very much of the Art process is very essential for the evolution of humanity

For myself...Revealing Self is very important aspect of self-actualization

"Self-actualization ....Not only do you have to decide what results you are committed to, but also the kind of person that you're committed to becoming." - Anthony Robbins

Basically, self-actualization means working toward becoming all that we can be. It should be a process that starts at birth and last until the last curtain falls. Unfortunately, such is not always the case. Many people are so entangled in the problems of daily life that little thought or attention is given to self-actualization.

That's a shame because self-actualization should be what life is all about. Life means growth. The moment that growth stops, stagnation and decay set in. That is true for all living organisms and it is especially true for humans. It is correctly said that some people die at age twenty-two, forget to fall down, and will only get buried past age eighty.

Self-actualization passes through three stages: learning, integrating and doing. Let's review these three stages.

1. Learning is the first stage. Every new thing that we learn is added to our bank of reference where it can be used in the thinking process. That information serves to evaluate concepts and ideas; it can be used to make finer and more effective distinctions and is the basis for the entire conscious process.

2. The integration into the wiring of our brain of some of our knowledge has to be done in a way that it becomes an automatic reflex. That is the second stage of the self-actualizing process and it has much to do with self-control. It is evident that a person near the zenith of self-actualization will not react to situations the same way that an infant would. As we evolve and grow, we get to be more and more sophisticated in our automatic responses to situations and events.

3. The last, and probably most meaningful stage of self-actualization is the "doing" part. It is not what we know that really counts but what we do with it that really matters. It is by pushing our limits that we really grow. So long as we stay in our comfort zone, no real progress is achieve. It is when we really have to flex our intellectual muscles that growth occurs.

That is the primary reason why we should have goals and objectives. It is not reaching a goal that is the most important. What really matters is the person that we have to become to reach our objectives that really matters.

The real objective of goal setting is self-transformation, self-growth and self-actualization. The stories of people who never grasped or understood that fundamental axiom are legion. They are the tales of people who have achieved unbelievable success, acquired fame and adulation of the masses that end up destroying themselves because they are so miserable and unhappy that they can no longer stand it.

Material possessions, fame and recognition by themselves will not bring happiness. Successful living is above all a state of mind. It is found in the satisfaction that we are constantly growing and improving; in the realization that we are evolving and contributing. In the feeling that, day-by-day, we are climbing the path of self-actualization.

Once our basic physiological and emotional needs have been met, everything that we do is directed toward satisfying our need for self-actualization. Self-actualization has been called the master motive. In other words, self-actualization is the ultimate motive from which all other motives spring.

Once we've understood this basic fact of life, we are ready to make real progress. We are heading in the right direction. It's not what we own that really matters; it's whom we are that really counts.

It is important to know the nature of our physiological and psychological needs..When you set your mind to work for a good cause, you are actually tapping and activating power that promotes health in every corner of your physical, psychological, and emotional being. Your emotions will run high in a positive manner. You will feel sentimentally contented with what you are doing. You will feel as though you're the highest paid executive in the business, not because you're being paid with money, but because you're being paid with your own sense of fulfillment. when you give your all, the best will bounce back to you. The act of giving your very best to the needy can likewise cultivate the best emotional satisfaction in your heart. Whatever form of help you extend, be it services or something of value, you will undoubtedly receive something better in return, self-actualization.

Is there anything better than a simple "thank you" that is meant with sincerity? Is there anything better than an appreciation that makes you feel needed and important? Is there anything better than to see smiles on other people's faces for having made them feel equally important and cared for? If your physical resources are limited, you can put your talent or creativity to work. Your urge to help those in need should inspire you to find ways in accumulating resources to actualize your intention. You can come up with ideas to generate more money through fund raising programs. You may also give more of your time doing volunteer service.

You must realize that negative people have no power. They might even say nasty things, because they don't believe in themselves. It is best to keep ultra positive, and their negativity won't even phase you. Remember it is very important to keep the right state of mind. You can listen to your favorite motivational speaker when things seem a little tough to give you that edge you want. Sometimes it is almost like magic when you start listen to your motivational CD's and your attitude starts to change for the better. You can't help the benefits of being in this industry, it teaches a person how to have an optimistic attitude in life. If we could quickly review the major reasons why people fail we could just avoid those pitfalls. A person could keep their motivation high and their expectation realistic, which will help a person keep focused. Find your purpose that makes you who you are.

I'm a fem-male so I thought cute,,however do we have to become more balanced in our thinking or else,,many are saying it is essential!)

Where are all the Wise ones...(to be updated)

I wrote T,V set over 20 years ago,I thought then we must slow down,love our earth,be creative,stop this crazy materialistic rant society seems to be chasing,,,I have started to find many whom share the same point of view

The Shadow of Your Own Psyche

In the case of psychological needs, the issue isn’t as much providing yourself enough sustenance for existence but the way in how your mind operates and corresponds with itself and the world. Of course, food for the social brain is communication and relationships, which are essential for a healthy psychology.

The issue is much rather about falling victim to the deceptive nature of the mind. You see, in reality, the ego imposes us with an illusory duality between us and the world. It’s always us vs them. This defence mechanism may make us blind to our own biases and adopts certain belief systems that may actually not be in congruence with who we really are.

Neurosis occurs when you become too anxious or obsessed about something. You’re addicted to some sort of a voice in your head which you falsely take as the truth. This reproduces the ego’s seat of power inside your psyche and re-enforces your biases. We’re hardwired to adopt belief systems that would help us to interpret reality better. However, they’re not objective but much rather the result of the conditioning we’ve received from our parents, friends, school, culture and even the videos you watch on Youtube.

Being slightly OCD and neurotic is actually a good thing, as it’s a trait that would allow you to put in more effort and keep on going when others would quit. But it’s safe only to a certain point. If you take your neuroticism too far, you’ll eventually go insane.

That’s what happened to Friedrich Nietzsche. The man was a brilliant philosopher and writer, well ahead of his own time, and thus was too deviant or dissociated in his society. He fell victim to his neurosis and was put into a mental hospital.-siimland.com

Delayed gratification is very important virtue,if not essential to maintain balance mentally,(falling victim to ego,above "The issue is much rather about falling victim to the deceptive nature of the mind.")

But a truly self actualized person wouldn’t fall victim to those dangers. If they’ve laid a solid foundation to their personal development work and underwent correct progressive growth over the course of patient years, then it’s almost impossible to take these things for granted.

All of those dangers indicate towards not having achieved mastery over oneself. If you skip your health or are still blind to your biases, then it can’t be said that you’re truly actualized. You may be creative or do fulfilling work but it doesn’t necessarily mean you’re on the right path.

Self-mastery involves the notion of having achieved full control over your physiology and psychology. It’s not that of a neurotic or obsessive kind, like some sort of a masochist. Instead, it’s more about being more mindful as a person.

If you’re operating from higher levels of consciousness, then you’re meta-aware, thus you’re able to see yourself objectively and can behave from the perspective of your true “self.”

A master of oneself and a truly self-actualized person would never start ignoring the health of one’s body or the condition of the mind because they’re almost outside of this circuit completely. They see reality for what it truly is and can thus create it according to their own behavior. It resembles the Illuminati pyramid with the eye floating above the rest of the structure. This is what meta-awareness is all about.

the above video brought to us by: Siim Land

Self-Actualization: Key Points

Actualized.org.....Self-actualization is the expression of your true self, your fullest potential, and your great capacities. A self-actualized human being is one that's firing on all cylinders, functioning at his peak. What would the fully evolved and authentic you look like?

Self-actualized people look like the following:1

  • Have a superior perception of reality — they see things in an objective, accepting way without intruding themselves upon what is being perceived.
  • Have an increased acceptance of self, others, and nature.
  • Have increased spontaneity in behavior — they can be unpredictable and outrageous.
  • Are more focused on the problem than themselves.
  • Have increased detachment and desire for privacy.
  • Have increased autonomy and sense of individuality — take full responsibility for how their lives unfold.
  • Are resistant to social conditioning. World-citizens not beholden to any one culture. Pick and choose what they like from culture.
  • Are comfortable being themselves even if that means being unpopular.
  • Have a good sense of what is real and unreal. Value truth and facts over beliefs.
  • Have great freshness of appreciation and richness of emotional reaction.
  • Have higher frequency of peak experiences. Being in flow state more often.
  • Have an increased identification with the human species.
  • Have improved interpersonal relationships.
  • Have a more democratic character structure.
  • Have greatly increased creativeness.
  • Have a deep knowledge of themselves.
  • Are constantly moving toward unity and integration of their personality and world view.
  • Are actively nurturing their talents.
  • Place great value on truth, beauty, goodness, uniqueness, wholeness, justice, simplicity, richness, effortlessness, and playfulness.
  • Are driven by positive, intrinsic motivation, not by lack.
  • Generally enjoy most aspects of life, not just achievement, triumph, or peak experiences.
  • Take pleasure in functioning at their prime.
  • Take a non-valuing, non-judging, non-interfering, non-condemning attitude towards others.
  • Are more loving. They need love less but are able to give love more.
  • Embrace conceptual dichotomies, polarities, and conflicts by fusing, transcending, or resolving. Are comfortable with paradox, contradiction, and not knowing.
  • Have desires and impulses that correlate with what's good for them.
  • Have solid psychological health.
  • Live on purpose with a sense of mission. Work is a precious cause.
  • Involved in improving the world.
  • Willing to admit and correct mistakes.
  • Have an easy self-discipline which comes hard to average people. Duty and pleasure are the same.
  • Gratify themselves moderately rather than abstaining through harsh self-discipline.
  • Express impulses more yet use less control. Controls are less rigid or anxiety-driven.
  • Are able to express their aggression in a healthier way, as a sort of righteous indignation rather than a lashing out.
  • Have a different, new set of concerns: being-challenges vs needs-challenges.
  • Live to experience joy rather than avoid pain.
  • Live in the present moment.
  • Make more conscious decisions.

Self-actualization basically means that you are mostly driven by your ideals rather than by your base desires. A self-actualized person is someone who's met his basic reptilian and mammalian needs: physical safety, employment, sexual intimacy, friendship, etc.

Growth isn't a luxury for humans, it's a need. Like your body needs vitamins or it develops a disease, your mind needs growth. If you stop growing for too long you won't just sacrifice higher states of happiness, you will develop neuroses. Pursuing your potential isn't a mere nicety.

  • "Frustration of the higher need, the need to express yourself or the need to self-actualize, can lead to illness and dysfunction in subtle ways."1

Self-actualization isn't a clear level, it's a matter of degree. You become more self-actualized as you fulfill your basic needs and pursue more growth needs, like the need for creativity, knowledge, or justice. The best strategy for increasing your self-actualization is to make sure you have your basic needs satisfied. It's hard to pursue or even care about things like creativity, knowledge, and justice when you lack food, shelter, employment, friendship, sex, intimacy, self-esteem, or your family is in danger. So get that stuff handled first!

  • "Basic needs gratification is better strategy than authoritarian self-denial of the basic demands of the organism, which generally leads to frustration."1

Maslow's hierarchy of needs:

  • Physiological: breathing, water, food, sleep, sex, excretion
  • Safety: shelter, employment, resources, safety of family, health, and property
  • Love/Belonging: friendship, family, intimacy
  • Esteem: self-esteem, confidence, achievement, respect
  • Self-actualization: morality, creativity, knowledge, fairness, rationality, playfulness, excellence

The more you fulfill your basic needs, the more free you will be to pursue higher virtues like: adventure, growth, contribution, creative expression, consciousness, truth, beauty, individuality, playfulness, tranquility, justice.

In practice, you don't strictly need to fulfill all the base desires to pursue higher ideals like creativity, but it will be harder and more painful. You will be frustrated, for example, if your creative output is high but you neglect the basics like friendship, family, and employment.

The great thing about becoming more self-actualized is that you are driven more by growth motivation rather than needs motivation. "Growth motivation is different in that satisfying it doesn't reduce the desire or drive but amplifies it." 1 Examples: education, mastering the violin, or being a good doctor — the motivation grows as you get better in each case.

Every day you face a choice between safety and growth. You can either shrink from the challenge and succumb to the fear, or you can summon the courage to venture out of your comfort zone. Some level of safety is necessary to venture out and grow, but the more you opt for growth, the better off you'll be.1

If you're psychologically healthy your desires and impulses will correlate with what's good for you, otherwise they won't and you will be suspicious of your desires. 1 This makes psychological health all the more desirable — life is too painful when there's a wide gap between your higher and lower self. Ideally you want to close that gap as much as possible.

  • "Self-actualized people have easy self-discipline which comes hard to average people. For self-actualized people duty and pleasure are the same."1
  • "Only to the self-disciplined, responsible person can you say, Do as you will and it will probably be all right."1

Growth is inherently challenging. This cannot be avoided. Self-actualization offers the promise of amazing happiness, but this happiness isn't just a pure, never-ending hit of euphoria. It's not about creating a euphoric lifestyle, but about achieving a higher-quality "high". Instead of getting a dirty high off of eating a greasy cheeseburger and smoking a cigarette, you'll get a clean high off of thinking about a beautiful idea while working out at the gym. The self-actualized life is more challenging than the comfortable life.

  • "Growth has not only rewards and pleasures but also intrinsic pains and always will have. It often means giving up a simpler, easier, and less effortful life in exchange for a more demanding, more responsible, more difficult life."1

8 Ways to Self-Actualize:1

  • Experience things fully, vividly, and selflessly. Throw yourself into the experience. Let it totally absorb you.
  • Life is an ongoing process of choosing between safety out of fear and need for defense and risk for the sake of progress and growth. Make the growth choice a dozen times a day.
  • Let the self emerge. Try to shut out the eternal clues for what you should think and feel. Let your experience enable you to say what you truly feel. Don't seek approval.
  • When in doubt, be honest. By being honest you take responsibility. Taking responsibility is self-actualizing.
  • Listen to your own tastes. Be prepared to be unpopular.
  • Use your intelligence. Work to do well the things you want to do, no matter how insignificant they seem to be. If it's worth doing, isn't it worth putting in the extra attention? Your work should manifest to others that you cared about it.
  • Make peak experience more likely. Get rid of illusions, idealizations, and false notions. Learn what you are good at and what your potentialities are not.
  • Find out who you are, what you are, what you like and don't like, what is good and what is bad for you, where you're going, what your mission is. Opening yourself up in this way identifies your defenses and find the courage to give them up.

"It's necessary to play up the dangers of safety and minimize its attraction while at the same time minimizing the dangers of growth and playing up its attraction."1

References

  1. Toward a Psychology of Being, Abraham Maslow
  2. Future Visions, Abraham Maslow

1. Being aware of ego and how our ego's think-example(Subject Being absorbed in an immediate way by the element, in such a way that it dominates one’s awareness, and directs reactions and intentions. The element is not articulated into distinct gestalts in awareness, and thus not available for reflection.)

2. Images of experiences fill up one’s field of awareness and dominates what one feels, thinks, and wants without being ordered into a coherent story that can be reviewed and evaluated in the mind

3. To be held captive by emotions and moods, such as bitterness, psychological pain, selfreproaches, hate, resignation, inferio-rity feelings. Lack of formulation of emotions prevents their becoming objects of conscious attention, evaluation and intentional transformation

4. To be unaware of one’s own thought patterns, and to make interpretations and assumptions without being aware of the active part oneself has in making them, and therefore being incapable of reflecting on the character of one’s own mentations.

5. Acting on spontaneous opinions, likes and dislikes about others or about events and circumstances without awareness or tempering by reflection  

6. Letting oneself be driven by spontaneous wishes, desires and intentions without being aware of wherein they consist.  

7. Automatically acting on habitual behavioural patterns and spontaneous reactions without awareness of what is going on.   

Development of self-awareness can be conceived as a stage-like process. The first phase is to notice that emotional, volitional and cognitive processes are going on in one’s consciousness. By patient and careful attention to these processes, one starts to develop an increasingly distinct and differentiated perception of the characteristics of the contents of awareness, and of the processes involved.2 Parallel to the development of skill and steadiness in observing these intrasubjective experiences, the witness self is strengthened. The witness self is essentially attention that is not embedded in the contents of awareness, but free from the pressing forces of emotions, desires, impulses and mental interpretations. When this witness self has been established, and has acquired some firmness, the process of disembedding from emotions, desires and thoughts can start in earnest. The second phase of the development of self-awareness is when there is a witness self that can start to relate actively to the coming and going of emotions, desires and thoughts. This is a self that can recognize that a certain emotion has been evoked, but is free to make decisions about what to do with the emotion. Should the impulses that the emotion triggers be given free rein? Is the emotion an archaic reaction that one better lets go when it has run out of steam? Is it a subtle and desirable emotion that should be given attention and nurturance? The third phase is entered when the self-sense stably relocates from embeddedness in the ego processes to the witness self position. This is possible through a strong ability to relate to the contents of awareness without being had by them, i.e. well developed non-attachment.

I believe it is essential that we recognize and rid ourselves of all societal dogmas as possible

The Following is From -Assumptions, Beliefs, Dogmas  and the Prison of the Mind - anaditeaching.com

..A warning they are bold,direct,I personally enjoy his writings(Anadi).I also have my own personal spiritual way.  so I borrow the good things from others,leave the rest behind.I see Anadi's as being truthful

The vast majority of people today have not developed beyond a fairly basic level of psychology and personality. Virtually everything they know and think has been acquired through external influences. At best, the most creative among them have synthesized some of these influences to express them in a different way, but the result is just a new recipe with the same basic ingredients. Notwithstanding the diversity seemingly apparent between such people, however creative and clever they appear to be, there is nothing in them which is authentically their own. The whole of their psychological makeup has been absorbed from the collective mind of their surroundings, which includes their national, societal, racial, ethnic, and family influences. Such a basic personality is what we refer to as a ‘collective me’. It has extremely limited, if any, free will.

As a collective me, one lives in a prison, the prison of the mind. If you examine your beliefs about this world and about yourself, you will see that they are no more than highly questionable assumptions or presumptive contentions; you live in a reality that is defined by assumptions. You might not believe in Jesus, Buddha, another faith, an ever-expanding universe, or a vegan diet, but this does not mean that you are not a dogmatic person; you simply believe in different dogmas. And, even if you consider yourself an agnostic, someone who does not affirm any beliefs, this still boils down to being just another belief. Agnosticism is merely another kind of dogmatism acquired from others, just as other people have similarly picked up their religious dogmas. Influences from others have given each of us the particular set of assumptions our individual minds and psychologies have identified with.

The level to which such unsubstantiated dogmas dominate the lives of the collective me is not only farcical, it beggars belief. And it is astonishing and incomprehensible that the vast majority of people agree to spend their whole lives in such prisons of belief. It is not that they have come to a well-reasoned decision to accept the false security of dogmatism. Rather, they are too senseless to realize the stupidity of what they are doing.

-Assumptions, Beliefs, Dogmas  and the Prison of the Mind 

The Importance of Questioning One’s Own Beliefs

The contradictions and inherent insanity of the belief structures of religion, politics, business and personal ambition – to mention but a few of the major influences on collective mentality – would be too endless to discuss. As such, we will use the example of collective spirituality to explore the phenomena of blind belief. The ignorance underlying so-called spirituality is nothing less than deceit because it makes the pretense of knowing the truth. What truth could it possibly know? The ‘spiritual’ truth it proclaims is all based on assumptions, hearsay, and interpretations by the collective mind. An assumption asserting itself as truth is nothing but a lie.

Before we go any further, you should take a step back and look at your belief structure. Are you sufficiently courageous and imaginative to examine it? What are you believing as real? As examples, do you believe that Jesus died for your sins or that Jews are the chosen race? Do you believe that Buddha found the ultimate truth about reality and that there is no self? Are you the kind of fool who believes that you will reach enlightenment through being initiated with kundalini energy? Have you been taken in by a belief in non-duality? Are one of these your preferred mental prison: the Christian, Buddhist or Advaita structure of beliefs?

   

Before you can discover truth, you need to realize what kind of fool you are or, in other words, which dogmatic beliefs are deluding you. There is nothing wrong with being a fool, so long as you are able to realize you have been one and can then free yourself from the particular prison you have been in. Do you believe in there being a life after death for who we are as a personality? Do you believe in an external god? Do you believe in reincarnation? Do you believe in a divine mother taking care of this universe? Whatever you believe will tell you what kind of fool you are. Would you not agree that it is about time to wake up and stop being a fool?

The very prerequisite of intelligence is the ability to doubt one’s beliefs. If you do not doubt your beliefs, you remain a fool. You may be a Christian fool, a Buddhist fool, an Advaita fool or an agnostic fool. It does not make any difference; you are still a fool believing in mind-constructed nonsense. If you are not able to take a step back from your belief structure to question it, you are worse than a fool, you are a traitor to truth. And yes, it is a shocking realization that our whole planet is populated with traitors to truth – they ‘believe’ in all kinds of nonsensical and contradictory assumptions. Despite having so many unsubstantiated convictions, not only do these people not know who they are, they do not even make the slightest effort to seek the foundation and source of all truth – self-knowledge. Many so-called spiritual traditions claim to be based on the search for self-knowledge, but they are using the term ‘self-knowledge’ deceitfully to justify and sustain the prison of their belief. They are the traitors betraying the soul, the worst traitors of the human kind.

Defining the Line between Truth and Dogmatism

The distance separating reality from a lie is often a tenuous and ill-defined area. For instance, we could compare Buddhism with Christianity, and say that while they can nowadays both be seen as dogmatic religious belief systems, Buddhism did, originally at least, directly contribute to the exploration of truth and development of human intelligence. Comparing Christianity to Buddhism is like comparing the intelligence of a five-year old to that of an adolescent. Putting aside the fact that, from the heart’s perspective, Christianity and Sufism could be said to offer relatively more than Buddhism, still, Buddhism is simply more insightful on many levels. In its early period, it rebelled against the established Hindu dogmatism and made room for new discoveries. However, it then immediately became dissociated from the living truth of pure subjectivity and sacrificed its soul on the altar of new type of dogmatism. In fact, Buddhism’s ideology now shares the common fate of most other barbaric religions – human sacrifice. What is the denial of self, after all, if not human sacrifice? Buddhism is a spiritual establishment that prevents the soul from ever being conceived, or in the case of those who have already connected to their soul’s embryo, facilitates its abortion.

Living in the Freedom of Non-Conceptualization

We need to remember that the opposite of belief is not disbelief, because disbelief is also based on false assumptions. To disbelieve is just a choice to disagree with, or not accept, one or more beliefs. The real opposite of belief is non-conceptualization, the absence of any belief whatsoever, an open space of intelligence that allows truth to enter our existence. Non-conceptuality is the courage to live in emptiness, free of dogmatism. It is not the denial of any knowledge of ourselves, or of the world we are living in, but it rather represents non-reliance on conceptual constructs to define our position in the unknown.

There is, of course, a practical side to ‘beliefs’, such as believing in the existence of the world, or that other people are not figments of our imagination, or that after a night of sleep we will wake up to live another tomorrow. To overly question the reality of these things would make living in the world virtually impossible and take us to the brink of insanity. Even though, when examined deeply enough, everything can be doubted, we do not need to excessively examine the empirical evidence of living in the physical reality of creation that is governed by its laws of everyday experience.

‘Believing’ in our everyday reality is not the same as harboring various mental or dogmatic beliefs (although if we were to leave it entirely unexamined, it would then also be an expression of dogmatism). It is more like an innate agreement to accept our everyday experience as real that is pre-conceptual in nature. It can be regarded as a base-belief shared by all beings living in this physical realm. We do not need to call the world real or an illusion (as with the concept of ‘maya’ in Hindu spirituality), because we do not need to impose such artificial mental constructs on our direct experience of physical life. This also applies to the philosophical theory of subjective idealism, in which the world is regarded as one’s own mental projection; such an idea is just another belief prison.

     Non-conceptuality should not be confused with a refusal to explore reality or to evolve into a higher understanding of truth. Rather, it is the refusal to rely on artificial concepts. For instance, in our teaching we do not want any student to ‘believe’ that there is conscious me, pure me of being, or absolute I am. If you believe in these things, you are no more than an intellectual follower of an external theory – you are a ‘believer’. Rather, we give you practical tools, so you can directly experience the reality behind those concepts. They become your own empirical reality, which is in fact a ‘higher empirical reality’, or ‘absolute empirical reality’, because it exists independent of your mind and senses. The experience of the world around you is a lower empirical reality, because it needs to be verified through your sensory faculties which are themselves very relative. But your true self exists prior to experience, or rather beyond the duality of knowledge and experience. When realized, it does not require proof; it is its own proof.

You need to begin to explore the wide and virtually endless spectrum of non-empirical beliefs that have imprisoned your mind since before you can remember. You have been living in a prison of beliefs without even knowing it. We believe so many things, including the theories of reality imposed on us by our societies, science, the medical establishment, diet gurus, religions, spiritual traditions, and the idealism of superego. We have been brainwashed so thoroughly that these layers of conditionings, which have been imposed on us by others, have become deeply embedded in our minds. So deeply that it is very difficult to step back and look at them critically.

      Accepting a life run by so many unsubstantiated and invariably irrational beliefs can be a way of compensating for the meaningless of living as a collective me. Or, it can be a cowardly strategy of avoiding the fear of not really knowing anything authentically. You might, of course, have some theories about reality, but they are all ‘maybes’. And the question remains – do you need those maybes to live fully and completely? Does your mind need to support itself with all kinds of theories like a cripple leaning on his crutches? You are not a cripple – you can choose to walk through the mystery of life as a free soul in a state of not-knowing and emptiness.

Discriminating between Base-Beliefs and Beliefs that Imprison the Mind

It could be said that even physical creation is a projection of our belief system. One element and example of this belief system is that people want to prolong their physical lives for as long as possible at virtually any cost. There is no rational explanation for this, especially when we consider that most people not only live unconscious and meaningless lives, in which they are are constantly suffering on a mental, emotional, and often physical level. The instinct to survive has been imprinted in us without our agreement. How we perceive the physical world, how our senses respond to external stimuli, and the innate drive we have to pursue psychological, emotional, and physical comfort and happiness, are all part of the design of this reality.

But as we have said, these can be considered to be elements of a basic belief system we all share. And when we speak here about living in freedom from beliefs and dogmas, we are referring to something quite different, which is the mentally superimposition of artificial concepts, philosophical theories and religious superstitions on ourselves and on reality. This also includes the values we have placed on our lives which have come to us through societal conditioning. An example is that the majority of people assume they are supposed to get married or have a partner, and have children. Because others do this, it is therefore expected of them. These are completely unconscious beliefs that most follow without questioning.

     Even more deeply rooted than the mental beliefs are a large number of beliefs at a psycho-emotional level that we received and accepted as pre-rational infants – some perhaps even while still in the womb – which move into the subconscious or unconscious and yet still continue to run our lives. These include beliefs such as the need to be loved, notably by a mother and later by a partner, and that we need to be accepted and liked. Many of our learned beliefs are ingrained in us in infancy through modelling we do based on what we observe in our parents and others. Very young children learn more – pick up more beliefs – through such modelling than from what they are told. As a result of this, our self-image is often defined by our relationships and possessions and we have beliefs that who we are will be diminished if our marriage ends, if we lose our friends, our jobs, our home or other possessions.

Other deeply ingrained beliefs we pick up from others include that of scarcity, a conviction that there is never enough of what we need, as well as our racial and societal beliefs

     It is not that all these beliefs are false by themselves, as some of them are part of what could be considered the base-belief of our empirical reality. However, many of these beliefs are culturally conditioned, restrictive, and incompatible with the wisdom and positive experience of life. Real freedom has to include letting go of many of the very deep subconscious beliefs, too, and understanding how, internally, we have to accept being utterly alone, while externally we go along with some of the accepted ‘rules’ of the collective consciousness. However, we do not go along with all of them, only those which we have no choice but to accept, or with those which have a positive practical application. As an example, we do have to make money in this world to sustain our physical existence, as money is the currency of survival. We have to dress at least to a minimally suitable level for the society we live in, so as not to attract unwanted attention and to be accepted while we live our everyday lives. But, if you live in Christian society and attend church just because others expect it from you, or you display mindless ‘patriotic’ devotion to be accepted, this is where your compromise with belief becomes negative.

So we can identify two different things here: fitting into the basic framework of others’ beliefs, and living in the prison of belief. The former is part of the art of living consciously in the unconscious world. But what we call the ‘prison of belief’ is not the prison of living in society but of living in the prison of your own mind. It is certainly important to have some perspective on the beliefs that have been imposed on you, but which you may have assumed were you own. They are not your beliefs; they were just absorbed and accepted by your unconscious collective me. Unless you awaken your intelligence and begin to think for yourself, you are no more than a puppet of the collective mind. While certain relative beliefs need to be embraced consciously as part of the basic-empirical-belief useful to manage life within creation, you have to free yourself internally from all belief. To transcend the totality of the dimension of illusion, you must return to the original innocence of not-knowing.

Belief in the Context of the Spiritual Path

     People do not even know why they live their lives as they do; they follow the collective mental status quo like automatons. They do not question the basic assumptions underlying their lives. Truth at the soul level and what your mind believes are two different things. There is no need for belief as regards what your soul wants from you – you just have be sensitive to it and follow her path. The only true fulfillment possible in this world, your own actualization, cannot come through a belief system. Many who do not walk a real path think beliefs are essential for the spiritual journey. But these spiritual paths are a sham, designed to give false hope to the minds and meaningless lives of the collective me. Knowing and believing is not the same. A belief can only exist in the mind: it is nothing but a false knowing, a miserable substitute for truth.

What about in our teaching? For instance, does the concept of selective reincarnation fall into the category of being a ‘belief’ because we cannot verify it directly through our own empirical experience? A real understanding of reincarnation is not a belief, but an insight into the very subtle journey the sufficiently awakened soul can take. The truth of such an insight is very different from other naïve generalizations concerning reincarnation – often supposedly about the collective me’s personality – served up by spurious spiritual teachings. There is no value in just having any purely mental belief about reincarnation. If you are unable to have genuine insight into it, it is better just to consider it a possibility, something to help expand your imagination. We do not consider the concept of selective reincarnation as pertinent to the teaching; it is, rather, a matter that regards the various laws governing this reality and the dimensions around it. It is a waste of time to retain artificial beliefs about reincarnation or even to dwell on the concept, as one’s energies are better spent on what one can do for one’s evolution in one’s present physical life.

      To live as conscious humans in manifested creation, it is natural for us to have some understanding and theories about the physical universe, such as that the earth is round and that there are other planets, even though we have never really been on them. Have you ever seen an atom or what is inside it? We trust scientists who tell us that there is such thing as a subatomic world, because it is a workable theory helping us to understand the physical world. But many of their interpretations might be completely wrong, or be distorted by the instruments they use to look inside the atom, as well as by the imperfection of the human eye, which is looking through these instruments, and the flawed nature of the mind forming the conclusions from what their eye sees through the instrument. In the past, people lived in a world understood through myths, but we now arrogantly claim to be scientific and superior. However, we have just replaced past myths with new ones and our world is as full of mythology as the one in the past was. The advantage scientific myths have over religious and the other older myths is that they are based on empiricism and are more provable. Religious myths are nothing but imagination, pitiful illusory projections of our hopes, fears and superstitions.

This explains why the wise man lives in the openness of not-knowing. He does not need to support himself with beliefs and assumptions in order to feel better. He is only concerned with solving the mystery at the very foundation of his experience of reality, his own self. The one who is either certain or uncertain of himself and of the world around is real – that one is the knower within you, not your mind. Only the knower is real – all the rest is relative and fluid truth. Only the knower is doubtless.

        What is a dogma? It is a belief, a presumption, it is the insistence in one’s own mind of the existence of something that one has never seen or experienced. Such dogma is what comprises the very base of religions, but similar dogmas make up many other spheres of our lives. In religions, these dogmatic assumptions have been elevated by people – who have no imagination or questioning intelligence whatsoever – to a ‘spiritual’ status through the irresponsible use of emotionally charged words like ‘faith’ or devotion. How irrational!

If you simply just believe in a so-called god, you are succumbing to dogmatism, you are the victim of a mentally conceived idea. What god? Have you ever seen any god? Has anyone? Such a ‘god concept’ is just another idea of the mind, a byproduct of our ability to create distorted abstract concepts like ‘one’, ‘unity’, ‘everything’, and the ‘causal source’ of existence. The fact that we can create any concept, including one of god, does not mean that what this concept points to actually exists, ever did exist, or ever will come into existence.

Part of the responsibility of waking to our real intelligence is for it to lift us out of the mind and out of all the beliefs and dogmas it had imprisoned us with. After all, it was our own intelligence, which we were not yet conscious of, which had always been the living source behind the mind’s conceptions – even those which had been imprisoning us for so long. Can you see this?

Conclusion: Living in the Knowledge of the Knower

      So, what are the implications? If any belief constructed from collective assumptions is false, and if rejection of them through agnosticism is just another form of dogma, what are we left with?

We are left with naked truth, truth that is alive and constantly unfolding. Any attempt to fix truth into a permanent belief is dogmatism; it fossilizes it and blocks its further unfoldment. To embrace not-knowing in a knowing that is born in the conscious now is intelligence and discrimination; it honors the living truth. Truth is not a dogma, not a belief, not a religion, and not a philosophy, but a constant illumination which is born in the space that exists beyond both sheer ignorance on one extreme and the pretense of truth based on the conceptual fixation of it on the other. The essence of truth is knowing that which makes all knowledge and ignorance possible, the knowledge of the knower. No one can believe or disbelieve it; it is the fundamental knowledge which is the source of the illumination of everything.

What is the conclusion here? Do not believe anything! Nothing whatsoever, including to an extent the basic knowledge of your so-called everyday empirical reality. Beliefs are of the mind and, while you have a mind, it is not who you are. Follow your life according to basic common sense, but remain intelligently detached from any assumptions about reality. Use your practical mentally-learned beliefs as mere points of reference in the external world while internally remaining focused on that which is beyond doubt, the substance of very your existence – your sacred self.!!!

        Blessings,  Anadi
                                                          anaditeaching.com

No beliefs needed..just your very own!-me

Self-actualization is a term that has been used in various psychology theories, often in slightly different ways. The term was originally introduced by the organismic theorist Kurt Goldstein for the motive to realize one's full potential. Expressing one's creativity, quest for spiritual enlightenment, pursuit of knowledge, and the desire to give to and/or positively transform society are examples of self-actualization. In Goldstein's view, it is the organism's master motive, the only real motive: "the tendency to actualize itself as fully as possible is the basic drive... the drive of self-actualization."[1] Carl Rogers similarly wrote of "the curative force in psychotherapy – man's tendency to actualize himself, to become his potentialities... to express and activate all the capacities of the organism."[2] The concept was brought most fully to prominence in Abraham Maslow's hierarchy of needs theory as the final level of psychological development that can be achieved when all basic and mental needs are essentially fulfilled and the "actualization" of the full personal potential takes place,[3] although he adapted this viewpoint later on in life, and saw it more flexibly.[4]

Self-actualization can be seen as similar to words and concepts such as self-discovery, self-reflection, self-realization and self-exploration.

As Abraham Maslow noted, the basic needs of humans must be met (e.g. food, shelter, warmth, security, sense of belonging) before a person can achieve self-actualization – the need to be good, to be fully alive and to find meaning in life. Yet, Maslow argued that reaching a state of true self-actualization in everyday society was fairly rare. Research shows that when people live lives that are different from their true nature and capabilities, they are less likely to be happy than those whose goals and lives match. For example, someone who has inherent potential to be a great artist or teacher may never realize his/her talents if their energy is focused on attaining the basic needs of humans - Wikipedia

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We live in the age of distraction. Yet one of life's sharpest paradoxes is that your brightest future hinges on your ability to pay attention to the present. It's why Thoreau went to Walden Pond; it's what Emerson and Whitman wrote about in their essays and poems.

"The most beautiful and most profound experience is the sensation of the mystical. It is the sower of all true science. He to whom this emotion is a stranger, who can no longer wonder and stand rapt in awe, is as good as dead. To know that what is impenetrable to us really exists, manifesting itself as the highest wisdom and the most radiant beauty which our dull faculties can comprehend only in their primitive forms – this knowledge, this feeling is at the centre of true religiousness."

-Albert Einstein – "The Merging of Spirit and Science"

 A Quote from - Modern-Science-and-Non-Aristotelian-Logic.pdf- below,  "This is a strong statement, and it becomes all the more impressive if we grant the validity of the contention of Bertrand RusselI, who on several occasions has declared' that he doubted whether anyone trained in Aristotelian logic could ever free himself sufficiently from that tradition to think clearly. I personally agree 

   Though I feel Aristotle betrayed Plato,(maybe not by intent,just took easy way) and endorsed in away what Iain McGilchrist talks of when referring to the right brain nurturing(lack of).in his video " Making Sense part1 " 

aprox 3:20 - 3:55

 

The inner critic or "critical inner voice" is a concept used in popular psychology and psychotherapy to refer to a subpersonality that judges and demeans a person.[1]

A concept similar in many ways to the Freudian superego as inhibiting censor,[2] or the negative Jungian animus,[3] the inner critic is usually experienced as an inner voice attacking a person, saying that he or she is bad, wrong, inadequate, worthless, guilty, and so on.


I think One must clearly understand - to even begin self - improvement 

Being Cognition Compared to Deficiency Cognition

Strive to to embody Being Cognition


examples ; from being-cognition-vs-deficiency-cognition / bestselfusa.com

B-COGNITION

 Seen as unneeded, as purposeless, as not desired, as unmotivated perceiving. Perceived as if it had no reference to the needs of the perceiver. Can therefore be seen as independent, in its own right.- no objective, just is-me

D-COGNITION

  Motivated perceiving. Object seen as need-gratifier, as useful or not useful.

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B-COGNITION

 Exclusively, fully narrowly attended to; absorption, fascination, focal attention; total attention. Tends to de-differentiate figure and ground. Richness of detail; seen from many sides. Seen with "care," totally, intensely, with complete investment. Totally cathected. Relative importance becomes unimportant; all aspects equally important.

 D-COGNITION

 Attended to with simultaneous attention to all cause that is relevant. Sharp figure ground differentiation. Seen imbedded in relationships to all else in world,as part of the world. Rubricized; seen from some aspects only; selective attention and selective inattention to some aspects; seen casually, seen only from some point of view.

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B-COGNITION

 The object /person is permitted to be itself. Humble, receptive, passive, choiceness, undemanding. Taoistic, noninterference with the object or percept. “Let be” acceptance.

 D-COGNITION

  Active shaping, organizing, and selecting by the perceiver. He shifts it, rearranges it. He works at it. This must be more fatiguing than B-cognizing, which probably is fatigue-curing.

Trying, striving, effort. Will, control.


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B-COGNITION

. Resolution of dichotomies, polarities, conflicts. Inconsistencies seen to exist simultaneously and to be sensible and necessary, i.e., to be seen as a higher unity or integration, or under a superordinate whole.

 D-COGNITION

 Aristotelian logic, i.e. separate things seen as dissected and cut off and quite different from each other, mutually exclusive, often with antagonistic interests.

  In his recent book, The search tor Truth, E. T. Bell states that Euclid hog-tied mathematics and Aristotle hand-cuffed human                 thought.

The cowboys have a way of trussing up a steer or a pugnacious bronco which fixes the brute so that it can neither move nor think. This is the hog-tie, and it is what Euclid did to geometry. E.T. Bell, The Search For Truth 

following Plato's death, Aristotle immersed himself in empirical studies and shifted from Platonism to empiricism.[6] He believed all concepts and knowledge were ultimately based on perception. Aristotle's views on natural sciences represent the groundwork underlying many of his works. 

In philosophy, empiricism is a theory that states that knowledge comes only or primarily from sensory experience.[

Empirical evidence is the information received by means of the senses, particularly by observation


                                               Education and Plato’s Allegory of the Cave
n book seven of The Republic, Socrates tells Glaucon, who is his interlocutor, to imagine a group of prisoners who have been chained since they were children in an underground cave. Their hands, feet, and necks are chained so that they are unable to move. All they can see in front of them, for their entire lives, is the back wall of the cave. Socrates says:
Some way off, behind and higher up, a fire is burning, and between the fire and the prisoners above them runs a road, in front of which a curtain wall has been built, like a screen at puppet shows between the operators and their audience, above which they show their puppets.[1]
So, there are men, who pass by the walkway and carry objects made of stone behind the curtain-wall, and they make sounds to go along with the objects. These objects are projected onto the back wall of the cave for the prisoners to see. The prisoners come up with names for the objects; they are interpreting their world intelligible to them. Hence, it is almost as though the prisoners are watching a puppet show for their entire lives. This is what the prisoners think is real because this is all they have ever experienced; reality for them is a puppet show on the wall of a cave, created by shadows of objects and figures.

Socrates goes on to say that one of the prisoners somehow breaks free of those chains. Then he is forced to turn around and look at the fire, which represents enlightenment; recognising your ignorance. The light of the fire hurts his eyes and makes him immediately want to turn back around and “retreat to the things which he could see properly, which he would think really clearer than the things being shown him.”[2] In other words, Socrates is stating that the prisoner does not want to progress in the way he sees things, and his understanding of reality. However, after his eyes adjust to the firelight, reluctantly and with great difficulty he is forced to progress out of the cave and into the sunlight, which is a painful process; this represents a different state of understanding. Plato uses light as a metaphor for our understanding, and our ability to conceive of the truth. So the prisoner progressed past the realm of the firelight, and now into the realm of sunlight. The first thing he would find easiest to look at is the shadows, and then reflections of men and objects in the water, and then finally the prisoner is able to look at the sun itself which he realises is the source of the reflections. When he finally looks at the sun he sees the truth of everything and begins to feel sorry for his fellow prisoner’s who are still stuck in the cave. So, he goes back into the cave and tries to tell his fellow prisoners the truth about reality, but the prisoners think that he is dangerous because he has come back and upset everyone’s conformist opinion about things. The prisoners do not want to be free because they are comfortable in their own ignorance, and they are hostile to people who want to give them more information. Therefore, Plato is suggesting that “your philosophical journey sometimes may lead your thinking in directions that society does not support.”[3]

he allegory of the cave is an extended metaphor and it provides an insight into Plato’s view of education. The people in the cave represent us as a society, and Plato is suggesting that we are the prisoners in the cave looking at only the shadows of things. However, the cave also represents the state of humans; we all begin in the cave.[4] According to Ronald Nash, Plato believed that:
Like the prisoners chained in the cave, each human being perceives a physical world that is but a poor imitation of a more real world. But every so often, one of the prisoners gets free from the shackles of sense experience, turns around, and sees the light![5]
Plato uses the cave to symbolise a physical world; a world in which things are not always what they seem to be, and there is a lot more to it than people think there is. The outside world is represented as the world of ideas, thoughts, and reality — by the world of Ideas, Plato is talking about the non-physical forms, and that these non-physical forms represent a higher, more accurate reality. In other words, “according to Plato, our senses are only picking up shadows of the true reality, the reality of forms or ideas. This reality can only be accurately discerned through reason, not the physical senses.”[6]

The process of progressing out of the cave is about getting educated and it is a difficult process; in fact it requires assistance and sometimes force. Here Plato is implying that when getting an education there is a struggle involved. He is telling us about our struggle to see the truth, and to be critical thinkers. We want to resist; ignorance is bliss in many ways because knowing the truth can be a painful experience, so in some ways it is easier to be ignorant. The person who is leaving the cave is questioning his beliefs, whereas the people in the cave just accepted what they were shown, they did not think about or question it; in other words, they are passive observers.
The allegory of the cave shows us the relation between education and truth. For Plato, the essential function of education is not to give us truths but to dispose us towards the truth. But not all education need necessarily be about the truth. It can be seen as capacity building:
One purpose of the allegory of the cave is to show that there are different levels of human awareness, ascending from sense perception to a rational knowledge of the Forms and eventually to the highest knowledge of all, the knowledge of the Good.[7]
According to Plato, education is seeing things differently. Therefore, as our conception of truth changes, so will our education. He believed that we all have the capacity to learn but not everyone has the desire to learn; desire and resistance are important in education because you have to be willing to learn the truth although it will be hard to accept at times.

The people who were carrying the objects across the walkway, which projected shadows on the wall, represent the authority of today, such as the government, religious leaders, teachers, the media etc. — they influence the opinions of people and determine the beliefs and attitudes of people in society. The person who forced the prisoner out of the cave and guided them could be interpreted as a teacher. Socrates compares a teacher to a midwife, for example, a midwife does not give birth for the person, however a midwife has seen a lot of people give birth and coached a lot of people through it, similarly, a teacher does not get an education for the student, but can guide students towards the truth:
Socrates as a teacher is a “midwife” who does not himself bring forth truth, but rather by means of his questioning causes the learner to rationally apprehend, or give birth to, as it were, truths that were already gestating within.[8]
So, the teacher in the allegory of the cave guided the prisoner from the darkness and into the light (light represents truth); education involves seeing the truth. Plato believed that you have to desire to learn new things; if people do not desire to learn what is true, then you cannot force them to learn. The prisoner had to have the desire and persistence to learn. In the same way, students themselves have to be active — nobody can get an education for you; you have to get it for yourself, and this will sometimes be a painful process. A teacher can fill students with facts, but it is up to the student to understand them. According to Plato, a teacher’s job is to lead you somewhere, and to make you question your beliefs so that you can come to your own conclusion about things; thus, education is a personal journey.
Plato makes clear that education where students are passively receiving knowledge from professors is wrong. What the allegory has shown is that:

 the power and capacity of learning exists in the soul already; and that just as the eye was unable to turn from darkness to light without the whole body, so to the instrument of knowledge can only by the movement of the whole soul be turned from the world of becoming into that of being […][9]
Plato says that philosophical education requires a reorientation of the whole self; it is a transformative experience. He believed that education is not just a matter of changing ideas or changing some practices, it is a process that transforms ones entire life because it involves the turning around of the soul. Education is the movement of the self, the transformation of the self. For example, in order for the prisoners to learn they had to not only turn their head around, but also turn their whole body around which included their soul, and passions in their mind, to educate themselves.
Therefore, education is a complete transformation of ones value system; “it requires a ‘turning around’ and ‘ascent’ of the soul — what we might call a spiritual awakening, or the finding and following of a spiritual path.”[10] By this,
Plato means seeing the world in a different way, in the correct way.

In conclusion, Plato appears to be suggesting that we need to force ourselves to want to learn about the truth. Seeking knowledge is not an easy journey; it is a struggle, and once you see the world differently you cannot go back. For example, when the prisoner turned around he realised that the shadows on the wall were less real than the objects in the back that were casting the shadows; what he thought was real all his life was merely an illusion. If the prisoner did not question his beliefs about the shadows on the wall, he would never have discovered the truth. Hence, Plato believes that critical thinking is vital in education. When you try to tell others about the truth, they will not always accept it, as people are often happy in their ignorance. In the allegory of the cave the prisoner had to be forced to learn at times; for Plato, education in any form requires resistance, and with resistance comes force.
In a way Plato manipulates the reader as he implies that we are prisoners, however we believe that we are not prisoners — this makes us want to learn and search for the truth. It is easier not to challenge ourselves, and not be challenged by others. It is easier to just sit there and watch the puppet show, and not question your beliefs. It is difficult to turn around, however the rewards of making that journey are great, as the allegory of the cave tells us.

For Plato, education is personal and it is the transition from darkness to light, where light represents knowledge and truth. He believed that everyone is capable of learning, but it is down to whether the person desires to learn or not. The people in the cave needed to desire an education with their whole body and soul; thus, education is the formation of character,
which involves the turning around of the soul.


Most people are in the cave!, and it is 2019, due to comfort, "It ain't so bad, for myself, I just want to have fun,buy stuff,have power and be socially accepted".  So if , I staying in the cave  where it is SAFE, just know enough. they say I could live to be 75,"
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Being-cognition is a higher need, a need to know both oneself and the world.  But restraining such knowledge is the fear to know, a restraint that prevents us from seeing unpleasant truths about ourselves that would endanger our necessary self-esteem (60). Growth, including increased knowledge, must therefore advance carefully, balancing the fear to know with the need to know, the urge for higher growth through new experience with the anxiety of leaving too suddenly the safety of the familiar.  Thus a certain amount of "regression" or stasis ("coasting" (172)) is advisable.  With the satisfaction of the need for love, a new kind of Being-love is possible through which enhanced cognition takes place – Being-cognition (73).-Abraham Maslow:


Peak-experiences are, then, "acute identity-experiences" (Chapter 7) in which one has insight into one's own nature and, isomorphically, into the nature of existence.


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                                                  Over-coming Self-Deceptions

        If one still has Race issues held in their mind, it's a good measure of the Degree of Liberation from self achived, not a lot!

There has been an increasing skepticism concerning every attempt by means of pure thought to learn something about the 'objective world', about the world of 'things' in contrast to the world of 'concepts and ideas'. During philosophy's childhood it was rather generally believed that it is possible to find everything which can be known by means of mere reflection. It was an illusion which anyone can easily understand if, for a moment, he dismisses what he has learned from later philosophy and from natural science; he will not be surprised to find that Plato ascribed a higher reality to 'ideas' than to empirically experienceable things. Even in Spinoza and as late as in Hegel this prejudice was the vitalising force which seems still to have played the major role.

                                                                                                -Albert Einstein / spaceandmotion.com