I do know, in all my years of public school , only 1 class was called " Sociology "

Social change may refer to the notion of social progress or sociocultural evolution, the philosophical idea that society moves forward by evolutionary means. It may refer to a paradigmatic change in the socio-economic structure, for instance a shift away from feudalism and towards capitalism. Accordingly, it may also refer to social revolution, such as the Socialist revolution presented in , or to other social movements, such as Women's suffrage or the Civil rights movement. Social change may be driven by cultural, religious, economic, scientific or technological forces.

While rationality can explain much, there are limits to human capabilities of understanding. The English language is structured to account for cause and effect. For example, English speakers say, "It is raining," with the implication that there is a cause "it" that leads to rain. Many Indian languages, on the other hand, merely note what is most accurately translated as "raining" as an observable fact.

                                       Why how, people become anti-social (criminals)

           'Society prepares the crime, the criminal commits it "
                                                                                                 - Henry Thomas Buckle

  • Rational choice theory: People generally act in their self-interest and make decisions to commit crime after weighing the potential risks (including getting caught and punished) against the rewards. (some,I am sure)

  • Social disorganization theory: A person’s physical and social environments are primarily responsible for the behavioral choices that person makes. In particular, a neighborhood that has fraying social structures is more likely to have high crime rates. Such a neighborhood may have poor schools, vacant and vandalized buildings, high unemployment, and a mix of commercial and residential property.

  • Strain theory: Most people have similar aspirations, but they don’t all have the same opportunities or abilities. When people fail to achieve society’s expectations through approved means such as hard work and delayed gratification, they may attempt to achieve success through crime.

  • Social learning theory: People develop motivation to commit crime and the skills to commit crime through the people they associate with.

  • Social control theory: Most people would commit crime if not for the controls that society places on individuals through institutions such as schools, workplaces, churches, and families. (I very much disagree)-me

  • Labeling theory: People in power decide what acts are crimes, and the act of labeling someone a criminal is what makes him a criminal. Once a person is labeled a criminal, society takes away his opportunities, which may ultimately lead to more criminal behavior. (social unforgiveness)

  • Biology, genetics, and evolution: Poor diet, mental illness, bad brain chemistry, and even evolutionary rewards for aggressive criminal conduct have been proposed as explanations for crime.


Meaning of Socialization:

Socialization, according to MacIver, “is the process by which social beings establish wider and profounder relationships with one another, in which they become more bound up with, and moa perceptive of the personality of themselves and of others and build up the complex structure of nearer and wider association.”

Kimball Young writes, “Socialization will mean the process of inducting the individual into the social and cultural world; of making him a particular member in society and its various groups and inducting him to accept the norms and values of that society…. Socialization is definitely a matter of learning and not of biological inheritance.”

It is through the process of socialization that the new born individual is moulded into a social being and men find their fulfillment within society. Man becomes what he is by socialization. Bogardus defines socialization as the “process of working together, of developing group responsibility, of being guided by the welfare needs of others.”




The Problem:

Most social programs unfortunately are found not to produce the hoped-for effects when rigorously evaluated. When evaluated in scientifically rigorous studies, programs in K-12 education, employment and training, crime prevention, and other areas too often are found to produce weak or no effects. Although programs that produce sizable effects on important life outcomes exist, they tend to be the exception—a pattern that occurs not just in social policy, but in other fields where rigorous evaluations are conducted such as medicine and business.1

If One steps back and Truly looks at a given Society ; If  a crime which is defined a Anti social act, and is a problem, Those with the most ability to mold,model,help. and are the Weatlhy, and if Those wealthy do not help their society in the best ways possible- a state of Apathy for the Society occurs, then yes, the term ; Apathy could be Now called Anti-Social Act, thus Criminal Act.

          "and my guess is for every person in prison day, there should be at least as many "wealthy", just for "Apathy for Society". hard on to swallow yet most likely true


Society creates unattainable goals for individuals which leads to crime. According to Dollar (2014) crime production is related to the concept of Anomie. Anomie results in after rapid change in existing societal relationships due to technologic or economic change (Durkheim, 1897/1951: 253 quoted in Newburn 2017: 185). For example, the capitalist hegemonic view of 19th century that hard work will result in economic success can result in crime as individuals from disadvantaged groups cannot break away from poverty.

Anomie / Wikipedia

              "Anomie (/ˈænəˌmi/) is a "condition in which society provides little moral guidance to individuals".[1] This evolves from conflict of belief systems and causes breakdown of social bonds between an individual and the community (both economic and primary socialization)"


n 1840, the historian Henry Thomas Buckle wrote: ‘Society prepares the crime, the criminal commits it.’

This essay will critically discuss the way society creates crime using the social constructionist approach and labelling theory followed by Strain theory using unemployment as an example.- mxvasilev.wordpress.com


    The nineteenth century French pioneer sociologist Émile Durkheim borrowed the word from French philosopher Jean-Marie Guyau and used it in his influential book Suicide (1897), outlining the social (and not individual) causes of suicide, characterized by a rapid change of the standards or values of societies (often erroneously referred to as normlessness), and an associated feeling of alienation and purposelessness. He believed that believed that anomie is common when the surrounding society has undergone significant changes in its economic fortunes, whether for better or for worse and, more generally, when there is a significant discrepancy between the ideological theories and values commonly professed and what was actually achievable in everyday life. This was contrary to previous theories on suicide which generally maintained that suicide was precipitated by negative events in a person's life and their subsequent depression

Good example of this is High Suicide rates of Transgender population not because they to themselves are terrible(nore to society), yet Society, not only imposes Apathy,yet hate as well.--this is a big reason for my even sharing,my personal identity as being transgender type. Just like slavery,all social injustice. it destroys a Society from inside out.


Because so much of the research of this site is aimed at finding facts,data etc, for the writing of " Beyond Chiefdom " which in essense is about Society and Cultures coming together (Globalization-Wikipedia), the implications of it, etc. Hate due to simply being "Different", is One thing that must be quickly addressed, and in my view is not being addressed . And the Transgender topic, clearly shows this, beyond clearly, as to hate someone whom has never bothered you,you don't even know , is a sign of extreme immaturity in some aspect of a culture/society/individual, and to maintain this state of immaturity , will without a doubt lead to great violence,wars etc. Technology as given us a very much false sense of being evolved to state of social maturity, where it is very clear that the state of maturity we stand at is not of a High Mature State. 

                                          That's World Wide,no country I have investigate in my research , as a whole show,shows a high

level of Maturity ,by their actions,policy,stated agenda's,other then technology the diplomatic relations still reflect that of pre-war Vietnam. 

The really sad part of Society today is we are regressing,if compared to so many Old Cultures,Such as the Zuni,and Native American tribes, whom fully accepted the " Berdache " type person.  This is a Fact, of history on all accounts.

Professor John Mearsheimer from the University of Chicago discusses Structural Realism

The Committee on International Relations at the University of Chicago

--------Hatred for Trump Exposes an Immature, Emotionally Unstable America----------


There are far too many people in our nation who are emotionally immature and unstable. Their decisions are based on feelings. They believe their feelings, struggles and failures are the fault of someone else.

On Sunday, I was running on Peachtree Road in Atlanta, Georgia’s prominent Buckhead shopping district where I encountered about a dozen Trump supporters holding signs that said “Women for Trump” and “Make America Great Again.” As I ran past them, people were yelling obscenities at them in their cars, so I stopped to observe.

I spoke to the Trump supporters, part of Atlanta’s “Millennials for Trump.” They told me that in the past hour they had observed parents yelling expletives from their cars with young children inside. One car had a seven to eight-year-old child point his middle finger at them (and the parents were laughing and encouraging it). People in Maseratis, Porsche, Lexus and other high-end automobiles were gesturing their middle finger through their sunroof or yelling “[Blank] Trump” out of their windows.

This was the most disgusting display of moral deficiency and un-American sentiment imaginable (better known as liberalism).  

I spoke to a young black man who was also holding a Trump sign. He told me he had been called every racist name imaginable including ‘the token black guy.’ 

Add, ‘racist’ and ‘bigoted’ to the list of un-American, liberal values referenced above. Liberals believe certain minorities belong to them and anyone who leaves their ‘liberal-plantation’ is to be ridiculed rather than understood and heard. 

As I was speaking with them, I observed many of these slurs and actions multiple times. Thankfully, there were just as many people praising them for their support of Trump including me.

The most laughable example (and sad) was the person that called Trump mean while yelling and shouting expletives. These sort of people scare me. They are cognitively detached from reality.

It saddens me deeply to observe parents encourage their children to demean and disrespect other Americans expressing their First Amendment rights. It teaches them to act with deviant behavior instead of constructive disagreement and is contributing to our collective demise.  - townhall.com

Why Are Americans So Afraid?- huffingtonpost.com 

          excerpt from ; "When we look around at the news these days, it seems that a single emotion is driving a great deal of American life.  That emotion is fear.  Donald Trump and his followers seem terrified of all Muslims.  Liberals are afraid of the far right wing; and the far right wing is afraid of liberals.  Many are afraid of those with a different sexual orientation, a different skin color, or women wearing a hijab.  The silly issue of the war on Christmas is also about fear.  Those who believe there is a war on Christmas are terrified of those who have religious beliefs different from their own or who lack religious beliefs completely. 


---------------------------------Humans do fear change, yet without change,there is no Maturing,no evolving.---------------------------------


                                          “It is no measure of health to be well adjusted to a profoundly sick society.” -

                                                                         A great Sociologist